Conditioning, Rewards, and the Impact on Behavior


Added on  2019-09-25

7 Pages1477 Words268 Views
Conditioning, Rewards, and the Impact on Behavior_1

6.1 “If a dog can learn to salivate to the ringing of a bell, so can you. In fact, you probably havelearned to salivate to the sound of a lunch bell, the phrase Hot Fudge Sundae, and "mouth-watering" pictures of food.” (Pavlov, I. P., & ANREP, G. V. E. 1927). If elementary schoolchildren will be given material rewards for giving good performance and their cooperation in theschool, like the classical conditioning theory then it will have various effects on the studentsranging from positive to negative. It seems a good idea in the short run, it will definitely help theteachers in the school to motivate the kids to behave appropriately, to be regular in the class andalso will help in giving better performance in the studies and other activities. But if attention willnot be paid in the selection of the reward it will make lose interest in the subjects.Usage of tangible rewards can backfire later in life on the children. Being a parent, I will suggestthat, rewards should not be used until and unless there is a particular reason and if rewards arebeing used then they should be used for limited time period. If we talk about the implications ofthe rewards in the long run, then it might have a negative impact on the behavior of the child. Formotivating the kids to perform well can be understood, but later on, in life that kid will alwayslook forward to such incentives. Furthermore, when he is not able to get such rewards andincentives as he used to get, he may not even want to any work. Until and unless it offers somerewards and incentive for doing a particular work. Such kids will always look forward toincentives instead of other benefits that particular work may provide them (Rescorla, R. A.1988).
Conditioning, Rewards, and the Impact on Behavior_2

ReferencesRescorla, R. A. (1988). Behavioral studies of Pavlovian conditioning.Annual review ofneuroscience,11(1), 329-352.Pavlov, I. P., & ANREP, G. V. E. (1927).Conditioned Reflexes. An Investigation of thePhysiological Activity of the Cerebral Cortex... Translated and Edited by GV Anrep. London.Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteemcause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthierlifestyles?.Psychological science in the public interest,4(1), 1-44.
Conditioning, Rewards, and the Impact on Behavior_3

End of preview

Want to access all the pages? Upload your documents or become a member.

Related Documents