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Running Head: PSYCHOLOGYPSYCHOLOGY[Document subtitle]
PSYCHOLOGY1IntroductionThe classical learning is a procedure which occurs through an affiliation between the stimulus ofan environment and a stimulus which occurs naturally. The conditional stimulus is a stimuluswhich is neutral, ultimately comes to actuate a conditioned response. The unconditional stimulusis which actuates a response naturally and unconditionally. The unconditioned response is theone which reacts naturally to the stimulus of the unconditioned. The conditioned response is anunconditional and natural response created by practicing to a neutral stimulus. An aversiveconditioning is like making use of punishment or unpleasant activities in order to stop andcontrol the behavior which is unwanted. For example, Pavlov identified classical conditioningwithout any intention while doing research on the gastric systems of the animals. While hemeasured the rate of salivation of dogs, he identified that they produce saliva when they smeltand heard food in contemplation of feeding. According to the Pavlov experiment, when the bellstopped to ring, the dogs had conditioned stimulus. The factors like generalization and extinctionimpacts the classical conditioning. In generalization, the stimulus is related to the conditionedstimulus also evokes the conditioned response (salivation) even if it is not connected with UCS.In extinction, there is a decline in the conditioned response (Salivation) which occurscontinuously because of the UCS’s absence. Further, there is a model i.e. R-Wwhich stated thatthe classical conditioning is not successful all the time during the experiments as the behavior ofhumans cannot be predicted in every situation. Therefore, that was a reflex response which wasnormal. The stimulus generalization is the aptness for the conditioned stimulus to elicit parallelresponses after the conditioned response. Another example of aversive conditioned is that aperson is having therapy in order to quit smoking and he might get electric shocks every timethey see the picture of cigarette. The main motive behind this is to make the person as comrade
PSYCHOLOGY2the stimulus with the unpleasant sensations and vibes. Further, the experiment of classicalconditioning is conducted in the field of psychology. The hypothesis is whenever the word can issaid out loud the girl with closed eyes expects the burst of the balloon.MethodParticipantsThere were three participants in our group, two girls, and a boy. The one girl was reading fromthe paper of words. The boy had various balloons and a pin in order to burst them. The other girlwas sitting with her eyes closed. The experiment was conducted in the classroom and thematerials which were used for the experiments are good number of balloons, a pin to burst them,a paper containing the words.ProcedureThe experiment was conducted in the class, and the class was filled with the balloons. The girlwho was sitting with the eyes closed was supposed to respond as classical conditioned. As theother girl was supposed to respond to conditioned stimulus as she was reading a paper withwords. There were series of words which contained the word ‘can’. The first part was in yellowcolor. Then there was a green part which contained no ‘can’ word but was having the sequenceof other words. Similarly, the next part which is grey in color was also not having any word‘can’. Then the blue, yellow and green part were having the word ‘can’ respectively. The boywas supposed to burst the balloon at every word ‘can, ' but the balloon was not burst in the greenarea. Further, in the other part, there was no word ‘can.' Then, again in the yellow sequence theballoon was burst at the word ‘can.' In the end, the balloon was not burst at the green sequence.The boy was supposed to respond as classical conditioned.