The Failure of Classical Conditioning in Human Subjects


Added on  2019-09-25

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Running Head: PSYCHOLOGYPSYCHOLOGY[Document subtitle]
The Failure of Classical Conditioning in Human Subjects_1

PSYCHOLOGY1IntroductionThe classical learning is a procedure which occurs through an affiliation between the stimulus of an environment and a stimulus which occurs naturally. The conditional stimulus is a stimulus which is neutral, ultimately comes to actuate a conditioned response. The unconditional stimulus is which actuates a response naturally and unconditionally. The unconditioned response is the one which reacts naturally to the stimulus of the unconditioned. The conditioned response is an unconditional and natural response created by practicing to a neutral stimulus. An aversive conditioning is like making use of punishment or unpleasant activities in order to stop and control the behavior which is unwanted. For example, Pavlov identified classical conditioning without any intention while doing research on the gastric systems of the animals. While he measured the rate of salivation of dogs, he identified that they produce saliva when they smelt and heard food in contemplation of feeding. According to the Pavlov experiment, when the bell stopped to ring, the dogs had conditioned stimulus. The factors like generalization and extinctionimpacts the classical conditioning. In generalization, the stimulus is related to the conditioned stimulus also evokes the conditioned response (salivation) even if it is not connected with UCS. In extinction, there is a decline in the conditioned response (Salivation) which occurs continuously because of the UCS’s absence. Further, there is a model i.e. R-Wwhich stated that the classical conditioning is not successful all the time during the experiments as the behavior of humans cannot be predicted in every situation. Therefore, that was a reflex response which was normal. The stimulus generalization is the aptness for the conditioned stimulus to elicit parallel responses after the conditioned response. Another example of aversive conditioned is that a person is having therapy in order to quit smoking and he might get electric shocks every time they see the picture of cigarette. The main motive behind this is to make the person as comrade
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PSYCHOLOGY2the stimulus with the unpleasant sensations and vibes. Further, the experiment of classical conditioning is conducted in the field of psychology. The hypothesis is whenever the word can issaid out loud the girl with closed eyes expects the burst of the balloon. MethodParticipants There were three participants in our group, two girls, and a boy. The one girl was reading from the paper of words. The boy had various balloons and a pin in order to burst them. The other girl was sitting with her eyes closed. The experiment was conducted in the classroom and the materials which were used for the experiments are good number of balloons, a pin to burst them, a paper containing the words.Procedure The experiment was conducted in the class, and the class was filled with the balloons. The girl who was sitting with the eyes closed was supposed to respond as classical conditioned. As the other girl was supposed to respond to conditioned stimulus as she was reading a paper with words. There were series of words which contained the word ‘can’. The first part was in yellow color. Then there was a green part which contained no ‘can’ word but was having the sequence of other words. Similarly, the next part which is grey in color was also not having any word ‘can’. Then the blue, yellow and green part were having the word ‘can’ respectively. The boy was supposed to burst the balloon at every word ‘can, ' but the balloon was not burst in the green area. Further, in the other part, there was no word ‘can.' Then, again in the yellow sequence the balloon was burst at the word ‘can.' In the end, the balloon was not burst at the green sequence. The boy was supposed to respond as classical conditioned.
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