CVE80010: Principles of Sustainability | Australia

Added on -2020-02-18

| CVE80010| 14 pages| 2630 words| 52 views

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Australia’s Climate change and its impact[DATE][COMPANY NAME][Company address]
Running Head: ReportContentsIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................2Projected climate change.............................................................................................................................2Climate variation in States of Australia.......................................................................................................3Climate change impacts in Melbourne........................................................................................................5Human health V/s climatic change..............................................................................................................5Climate projections......................................................................................................................................6Projections based on geographical factors...................................................................................................7Managing Climate change...........................................................................................................................9Conclusion.................................................................................................................................................10References.................................................................................................................................................111
Running Head: ReportIntroductionHuman beings have been adjusting to the unpredictable climate around them for centuriesClimate changes that are presently taking place these days includes rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns,sea level rise and ocean acidification.Moreover, climate change is expected due to increase in greenhouse gas emissions.Rising ocean temperatures cause thermal increase of the oceans and in combination with melt water from land-based ice this is generating sea level rise. Climate research is vital in our efforts tomeasure future risks and opportunities slow the enduring emissions and adapt to the impactsassociated with a warmer world.Changes tothe weather will have significant impacts on water resources, infrastructure,health,fisheries agriculture, biodiversity and coasts.Efficientdischargediminution efforts and weather change adaptation mutually will bring important social, environmental benefits with less economic risks;innovative opportunities can be exploited; and new thinking about climate flexibility will stimulate improvement.Ever growing human needs has been a primary factor affecting climate change. Exponential increase in greenhouse gases and aerosol attentivenesstriggered by human activities. Further, human intervention has also led to the warm atmosphere and the ocean, thereby ensuing in intense climatic conditions, rise in global mean sea level due to fast melting of glaciers and reduction in quantum of ice and snow. Projected climate changeConsidering the existing pace of greenhouse gas emission, various studies reveal alarming increase in global temperature to the extent of 1.5 °C by 2030, 2.5°C by 2050 and 4.5 °C by 2
Running Head: Report2100subsequently leading to rise in mean sea level by 0.26m, 0.40m and 0.55 m respectively. The climatic imbalance may be catastrophic and at projected rate may result in following:1.Extreme and extended heat waves. 2. Extreme and more recurrenttremendous rainfall over most of the mid-latitude land massesand over wet, humid regions [CITATION The \l 1033 ].Climate variation in States of AustraliaMelbourneTemperature: During the last fifty years, the maximum subsurface temperature of Melbourne hasrisen by around 0.81 °C and minimum temperature by 1.78 °C in comparison to the similar increase in value for the entire twentieth century. The number of colder months has drastically fallen down; heat waves have intensified breaking all-time records. The instances of wildfires have increased worryingly [ CITATION RMc131 \l 1033 ]. Rainfall: The atmospheric changes have led to irregular patterns of rainfall all over the Melbourne. Southern and eastern Australia have seen decreases in annual average rainfall over the second half of the previous century. The average annual rainfall in Melbourne is below 600 mm which may vary from -8% to 3%.Sea level rise: Mean sea level will continue to rise within the range of 0.07 meters to 0.16 meters.SydneyTemperature: The region will experience a warming of around 0.8 °C increasing to about 1.9 °CThis is likely to be partly due to creature behavior. There will be an increase in the high 3

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