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Report on Role of Public Health

   

Added on  2020-01-23

12 Pages3883 Words93 Views
Disease and DisordersNutrition and WellnessPublic and Global HealthHealthcare and ResearchPolitical Science
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Role Of Public Health
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TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Roles of different agencies in identifying the levels of health and disease......................11.2 Explaining the epidemiology of one infectious and one non infectious disease..............21.3 Evaluating the effectiveness of different approaches and strategies to control the disease................................................................................................................................................3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................32.1 The current priorities and approaches to the provision of services..................................32.2 Relationship between the prevalence of disease and requirement of services forindividuals..............................................................................................................................42.3 The impact of current lifestyle choices on future needs of health and social care services................................................................................................................................................4TASK 3............................................................................................................................................53.1 Assessing the health and well-being priorities for individuals.........................................53.2 Effectiveness of strategies, systems and policies in health care setting...........................63.3 The changes made to improve the health and well-being of individuals.........................63.4 Evaluating the activity implemented to encourage behaviour change.............................7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
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INTRODUCTIONPublic health is meant by the science and art of preventing disease, extended life withgood health through organized efforts and informed choices of public, private, communities andindividuals. The role of public health is concerned with threats to health supported on populationhealth analysis (Role of Public in Health Care, 2015). This report is based on a case scenario.This report will showcase the different approaches and strategies that are used to measure,monitor and control the incidence of disease in communities and to investigate the implicationsof illness and disease in communities for the provision of health and social care services alongwith the understanding of factors that are influencing the health and well being of individuals inhealth and social care.TASK 11.1 Roles of different agencies in identifying the levels of health and disease The roles of different agencies in identifying levels of health and disease in communitiesare as follows:Public health England: Public health England plays a crucial role in identifying the levelof disease and health in communities in UK. This organization protects and improves thecountry’s health and well being and decreases the health inequalities. Thereby, it isresponsible for making public healthier by encouraging discussions, advising andsupporting government for protecting and improving the health of people. Public healthEngland plays a significant role in doing research into epidemiology/ incidence. Theorganization is responsible for helping local authorities and NHS to develop the publichealth systems with supporting its specialist workforce (Johnson, Beckenbach andKilbourne, 2013).European Union: The national government of UK organizes health care programs forpublic in UK and ensures that everyone is getting those benefits. European Unionsupports these national policies by promoting healthy lifestyle between people andproviding them equal facilities (Szreter and Woolcock, 2004). Thereby, European Unionimplemented the laws and standards for health services, products and patients such asmedicines, safety and health services, etc. The role of EU is to prevent disease in the1
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communities. However, it is responsible for food labeling and action against breast,cervical and colorectal cancer.World health organization: World health organization is leading and supportingauthority for health within United Nation’s systems. WHO provides leadership on mattersthat are critical to health and engages in partnerships where joint decisions and actionsare required (Wild and et. al., 2012). Moreover, the firm monitors the health situation andassesses health trends. The role of WHO is to develop vaccines and treatments to preventthe disease in communities. 1.2 Explaining the epidemiology of one infectious and one non infectious diseaseThe epidemiology of HIV/Aids is described below, which is infectious disease andspread over globally. The idea of HIV epidemic ratio differentiates in quality but provide someideas of trends in various countries and regions. However, UK has a relatively small HIVepidemic with an idea of 103700 people that are suffering from this disease till 2014. In 2014only, 6151 people were diagnosed with this disease and 613 people died because of HIV relatedsickness (Boorman, 2010). The infection is still frequently spreading and extended silentlyduring the period which is often seems as diagnosed. Thereby, due to antiviral treatment in UK,this infectious disease has been controlled significantly over the past decade. People diagnosedpromptly with HIV and started Anti-retro viral therapy that can expect the normal lifeexpectancy very soon. However, there are many challenges with regards to this with high rates oflate HIV diagnosis and ageing population.Further, the epidemiology of Diabetes (non-infectious) disease is the fastest growinghealth threat in recent times and an imperative public health issue. Since 1996, the number ofpeople who are suffering from diabetes in UK has increased from 1.4 million to 3.2 million.Currently, around estimation of 3.2 million people are diagnosed with diabetes in UK andincreasing day by day. This disease is caused by the food habits of people. This indicates that 1person in every 17 people is suffering from diabetes. Thereby, the government and healthauthorities in UK are implementing the epidemiology of diabetes to control the prevalence(Hudson, 2011).2
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