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Running head: STRATEGIC DECISION MAKINGStrategic Decision MakingName of the Student:Name of the University:
STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING2. The structure of a healthcare organisation influences the delivery of healthcare services.Discuss.Organizational structure refers to the design of the activities such as task allocation,coordination and supervision. The structure defines the ways in which work roles andresponsibilities can be coordinated and controlled. Every organizational intends to grow anddeliver maximum profitability. The operations and activities of a healthcare organization iscritical as it affects the delivery of healthcare services (Wagner et al., 2014).A healthcare organization comprises of various departments such as maternity, nutrition,occupational therapy, child care and units such as urgent care centre, surgical units, ambulanceunits and various others. The number of units and departments varies for every healthcareorganization. There is a need for proper communication for the success of healthcare unit. Theorganizational structure needs to be designed in a manner that is easy to coordinate and lines ofcommunication can build the structure. With effective communication and coordination comesbetter health services delivery (Slade et al., 2015).Without a proper and formal organizational structure, the employees of the organizationsuch as doctors, nurses, cleaners and other staffs would not know whom to report officially. Theroles and responsibilities shall become unclear if the organizational structure is inappropriate.With a proper organizational structure in healthcare, the employees such as doctors and nursescan turn for direction and help as and when needed. Therefore, an appropriate organizationalstructure helps in consistent communication which is critical in a healthcare setting. Healthcareorganizations have primary safety goals for its patients as well as other stakeholders. Formalstructure in organizations can induce and affect behaviour of different processes. For example,
STRATEGIC DECISION MAKINGthe surgical teams in the healthcare can use invasive techniques depending on their leadershipand management commitment (Wagner et al., 2014).It is usually observed that the healthcare organizations follow vertical organizationalstructure with multiple layers of management in lower to higher authority roles. This structureensures that the activities in the healthcare setting shall not cause any trouble. Usually, the boardof directors are responsible to carry out decisions in the hospital. The healthcare organizationshave chief nursing officers, chief financial officers and others who form a part of central coremanagement. Within a department, there are people who look after patient care. The staffmembers and supervising physicians address their duties and give the best care when somethinggoes wrong with the patient. Therefore, a well-designed organizational structure fits theorganizational needs. Every healthcare unit has a mix of talented employees who needs to becontrolled by the executives. Therefore, if the organizational structure is poorly designed, criticaldeadlines shall not be met. Decision making and meeting deadlines is crucial in the healthcareindustry as it may cost the lives of patient (De Bono, Heling & Borg, 2014).Therefore, the healthcare organizations must have an appropriate structure where they areaccountable to their seniors. The nurses must be allowed to take decisions as specified by theirsuperior doctors as any negligence can directly impact the health and wellbeing of patient.3. Discuss how power can influence decision making in healthcarePower has been defined as having control, dominance or influence over an individual orgroup of people. Power also includes the ability to mobilize resources, get things done andconducting practices to empower patients. Power can influence decision making in the healthcaresetting for doctors, nurses, cleaners and other staffs (Kilpatrick, 2013).