The Travel and Tourism Environment

Added on -2020-02-05

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The Travel and Tourism
sector
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................4
TASK 1 ..........................................................................................................................................4
1.1: Covered in poster.................................................................................................................4
1.2: Covered in poster ................................................................................................................4
TASK 2 ...........................................................................................................................................4
2.1 Covered in PPT.....................................................................................................................4
2.2 Covered in PPT.....................................................................................................................4
2.3 Covered in PPT.....................................................................................................................4
TASK 3............................................................................................................................................4
3.1- Explain factors affecting tourism demand...........................................................................4
3.2Explain how supply has changed at TUI Group to meet the effects of demand....................5
4.2 - Explain strategies that can be used to minimize the negative impacts while maximizing
the positive impacts for example on TUI Group businesses.......................................................6
Task 4...............................................................................................................................................8
4.1: Economic, environmental and social impact of tourism......................................................8
INTRODUCTION
The travel and tourism sector is on high boom across the globe. The travel and tourism
sector have an significant impact on the economy of any country. The travel and tourism sector
consider as a business which provide information, transportation, accommodation and other
services to the tourists, it is an activity or practise for touring which performed on the basis of
offering pleasurable services. The present study is covering the history and structure of tour and
travel environment along with this it also reflect on various other key areas such as the regulatory
framework of local and national government and the impact of tourism on the social,
environmental and national factors. (Guttentag, 2015)
TASK 1
1.1: Development in travel and tourism sector
In the early age, cultural aspects, learning languages and travelling challenges restricted (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). In 14 century
Christopher Columbus sailed westward and vasco da gama cruised to country for earn money then business travel has been integral part of
tourism industry(Cave and Brown 2012).
Early tourism started with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food and
shelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and traded around the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu and
Vici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visited pyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage. Early tourism
started with Nomads who travelled around the world in search of food and shelter. Main intension of this traveller is to gathered food and traded
around the world and gave rise to the barter system (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). 1500 BC is marked as the era when the Europeans visited
pyramids and thus developed the tourism for pilgrimage.
Historical developments of travel and tourism industry
The great pyramid of Giza was considered as the world's largest building from 2570 B.C. To
1300 A.D, which is one of the tourist attraction since then in Egypt. The Egyptian landscape is
The country is majorly composed
mostly of dust particles and sand. In
the earlier years of Greece,
many people tends to travel
every year to visit a variety of
festivals and games, including
but not restricted to the
"Tourism" also
flourished in the Middle
Ages throughout
Europe in the form of
pilgrimages, which
carried momentous
spiritual significance,
beginning around the
3rd and 4th centuries.
A web of highways was available in ancient Roman
empire which made the travellers easy to visit in the
Roman empire. Another factor that promoted
tourism in ancient Roman empire was religious
activities. Roman games and theatre arts are other
factors. It laid the foundation for modern tourism
activities.
Travel was also common
from Magna Graceia—the
areas in Southern Italy
extensively populated by
Greek settlers—to Greece
for cultural exchange. In
the fifth century BCE, the
historian Herodotus
travelled to Egypt, Tyre,
and Babylon, writing
about his journey.
There are various events take
place in the history which make
the the route for the development
of the travel and tourism across
the globe. The Olympic started
over 2700 years ago in the
Olympia which is situated in the
south-west Greece. AS the game
were part of their religious
festival. The modern Olympic
games inspired by the Greek
Olympics and begun in 1896,
these events also considered as the
development of tour and travel as
people are travelling around the
world after fantasize about the
games and other events. The
games are act as the platform to
display the culture of the country
so definitely it plays a very vital
role in attracting the tourism in the
various countries. Egypt Babylon
was also very fascinating place for
the tourists as it was one of the
priority choice for the visitors as it
has its own religious importance.
Earlier, aspects related to culture, languages
required for learning and challenges of travelling
were limited (Capacci, Scorcu and Vici, 2015). In
14 century Christopher Columbus moved
westward and vasco da gama came to the nation
so that money could be earned. Travel has become
an important segment of tourism industry(Cave
1.2: The travel and tourism sector structure
The travel and tourism sector is very huge and vast. The systematic structure of tour and
travel business consists with various factors such as
Transportation, it is a key
element which complete the
definition of travel and
tourism business. The
Structure of Travel &
Tourism Industry can't be
imagined with out the
transportation part in it.
There are various types of
transportation are available
such as airlines, railways,
buses, Cruise liners, rental
taxis and so on. (Hudson and
Thal, 2013)
Accommodation, is
provided by various tour and
travel agencies which
provide accommodation and
food related services. There
are various types of
accommodation which
provided by the
organizations such as hotels,
bed, resorts, apartments and
so on.
Information and
coordination, travel and
tourism sectors have many
other sub sectors which
provide supporting services
to the tourist such are tour
guides, tourism information
centres, travel insurance
companies, outlets for
refreshments, councils,
research bodies and task
forces.(Guttentag, 2015)
Tour operators and travel agent, tour operators are those who form a package by
producing holidays for the tourists. They form a negotiable package for the accommodation
and all the other services. Travel agents mostly do their job by selling the brochures which
consist with the package.(Michailidou, Vlachokostas and Moussiopoulos, 2016)

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