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Factors Influencing Vaccination Uptake

   

Added on  2019-09-30

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Running head: Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE UNDERSTANDING THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS ANDPROMOTION OF INFLUENZA VACCINATION AMONGPOPULATION OF UAESTUDENT NAME:STUDENT ID:
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 2AbstractThis research study provides an overview of the level of awareness among people of UAE regarding the influenza vaccination. It also provides an overview about the various factors whichare affecting the process of vaccination. This research study helps the readers to gain knowledge about the factors affecting vaccination against influenza and the ways in which it can be mitigated. From the findings it has been observed that province of UAE in the Middle East along with Kuwait and Oman are worst affected by influenza and the level of vaccination uptake among its population is also less. Findings from this study indicate that, awareness of vaccinationuptake against influenza and the benefits associated with it have improved considerably. However, this improvement rate is not enough to prevent the entire population from pandemic influenza viruses. Several vaccination programs and initiatives have been taken by government of UAE in order to promote vaccination process against influenza virus. Despite of such attempts, a major portion of people are yet to avail vaccination against influenza. It has been found that health workers, adults above 30 years of age and older people are at high risk of beingaffected by impact of influenza viruses. Studies have also indicated that children are the best carrier of influenza viruses and help in their spreading. Thus it was necessary for UAE government to vaccinate the children as this will help in preventing spread of such communicable disease to a considerable extent. Furthermore it has also been observed that government authorities are not having proper data indicating number or percentage of vaccination uptake by population of UAE. No records are present with government based on which it can estimate the population that has been vaccinated. The availability of records helps government in understanding and evaluating the perception and adaption of people against vaccination of influenza. As per study, some of the prominent factors affecting the vaccination uptake among people are low family support, social influence, lay beliefs and excess work pressure. On the basis of findings it has been observed that a major part of UAE population that is aware of the significance associated with vaccination process are unable to adopt vaccination because they are too busy with their work and they are unable to make out time or schedule in order to immunize themselves against influenza viruses. This enables researcher to recommend ways in which rate of vaccination among UAE population can be enhanced.
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 3AcknowledgementConducting this research has been one of my best experiences in my life. This research has helped me to develop knowledge and various analytical skills. I would like to acknowledge with gratitude and with my debt of thanks to all the people who have helped me to conduct this research and make it a successful one. I would especially thanks to my supervisor without whom I could not have conducted this research. His proper guidance and assistance has helped me during this research study. Finally I would like to thanks the healthcare workers and medical students, the pregnant woman, general public of UAE and also the school healthcare department whose effective participation in survey has helped me to conduct this research study and gather authentic information. Yours Sincerely,
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 4Table of ContentsChapter 1: Introduction..................................................................................................................101.1. Background of the problem.................................................................................................101.2. Background of the study.....................................................................................................11Chapter 2: Objectives of the study.................................................................................................142.1. Problem statement...............................................................................................................142.2. Objectives of the study........................................................................................................152.3. Hypothesis statement..........................................................................................................162.4. Research questions..............................................................................................................162.5. Limitations..........................................................................................................................16Chapter 3 Literature review...........................................................................................................183.1. Chapter introduction...........................................................................................................183.2 Significance of Influenza Vaccination.................................................................................183.3 Present Scenario of vaccination uptake in UAE..................................................................213.4 The burden associated with seasonal influenza...................................................................243.5 Lay beliefs based on influenza vaccination process and immunisation of influenza virus.243.6 Influenza as a concern..........................................................................................................273.7 Need for vaccination uptake in UAE...................................................................................283.8 Factors hindering vaccination process against influenza.....................................................303.9 Risk among children for low vaccination uptake.................................................................323.10 Existing literature...............................................................................................................333.11 Gap analysis.......................................................................................................................353. 12 Summary...........................................................................................................................35Chapter 4: Collection of primary data...........................................................................................37
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 54.1. Methodology.......................................................................................................................374.2. Research design...................................................................................................................374.2. a. Type of research..........................................................................................................404.2. b. Design of the research instrument...............................................................................404.2. c. Sample selection..........................................................................................................414.3. Research execution.............................................................................................................424.4. Analysis of data...................................................................................................................434.4. a. Profile of respondents (if survey)................................................................................434.4. b. Analysis of responses..................................................................................................43Chapter 5 Analysis and conclusion................................................................................................455.1. Hypothesis testing...............................................................................................................455.2. Intermediate conclusion(s)..................................................................................................72Chapter 6: Conclusions and recommendations..............................................................................796.1. Summary of findings...........................................................................................................796.2. Overall conclusion..............................................................................................................806.3. Recommendations...............................................................................................................826.4. Lessons learned...................................................................................................................896.5. Ethical implications.............................................................................................................91Reference List................................................................................................................................92Bibliography..................................................................................................................................99Appendix......................................................................................................................................106
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 6Table of figuresFigure 3.1: Pandemic influenza in Abu Dhabi, UAE....................................................................19Figure 3.2: 50 Number of people is still unaware of the significance of influenza vaccination...22Figure 3.3: Lower level of coverage in various age groups by vaccination programs in UAE.....23Figure 3.4: Showing various factors over which vaccination uptake decision depends...............29Figure 5.1: Number of respondent’s beliefs with influenza vaccination intake............................46Figure 5.2: Number of respondent’s beliefs with effectiveness of influenza vaccination.............47Figure 5.3: Number of Respondents working as a healthcare worker in vaccination field...........48Figure 5.4: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards the necessity to uptake influenza vaccination.......................................................................................................................................................49Figure 5.5: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards negligence to uptake influenza vaccination.......................................................................................................................................................50Figure 5.6: Number of respondent’s beliefs toward prevention in influenza vaccination uptake due to lay beliefs............................................................................................................................51Figure 5.7: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards low support from family as a factor hindering vaccination uptake.........................................................................................................52Figure 5.8: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards social influence acting as a major role affecting vaccination uptake..........................................................................................................53Figure 5.9: Number of respondents towards the need of vaccination uptake in major parts of UAE...............................................................................................................................................54Figure 5.10: Number of respondent’s beliefs with effectiveness of influencing people through governmental programs to uptake vaccination..............................................................................55Figure 5.11: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards influenza vaccination important for children..........................................................................................................................................56Figure 5.12: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards children being the main carrier of influenzavirus...............................................................................................................................................57Figure 5.13: Number of respondent’s beliefs with effectiveness in taking influenza vaccination during pregnancy...........................................................................................................................59Figure 5.14: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards influenza vaccination being neglected by pregnant woman.............................................................................................................................60
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 7Figure 5.15: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards lay beliefs is preventing pregnant woman touptake influenza vaccination.........................................................................................................61Figure 5.16: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards low support from family as a factor hindering vaccination uptake for pregnant woman.......................................................................62Figure 5.17: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards social influence acting as a major role affecting vaccination uptake for pregnant woman.........................................................................63Figure 5.18: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards vaccination against influenza might affect baby................................................................................................................................................64Figure 5.19: Number of respondent’s beliefs towards influenza being a serious disease.............65Figure 5.20: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding influenza can be cured using traditional measures........................................................................................................................................66Figure 5.21: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding effectiveness of vaccination to fight influenza........................................................................................................................................67Figure 5.22: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding UAE getting affected in vaccination uptake for misconception...............................................................................................................68Figure 5.23: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding effectiveness of vaccination programs organized in schools......................................................................................................................69Figure 5.24: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding parents having positive perception about vaccination against influenza in schools........................................................................................70Figure 5.25: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding parents not willing to send their children for vaccination uptake in school....................................................................................................71Figure 5.26: Number of respondent’s beliefs regarding lack of family support and misconception preventing students from up taking influenza vaccination............................................................72
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Understanding The Level Of Awareness And Promotion Of Influenza Vaccination Among Population Of UAE 8List of TablesTable 5.1: Response towards influenza vaccination intake...........................................................45Table 5.2: Response about effectiveness of influenza vaccination...............................................46Table 5.3: Working period of healthcare workers.........................................................................47Table 5.4: Response about necessity for healthcare workers to uptake influenza vaccination.....48Table 5.5: Response about negligence to uptake influenza vaccination........................................49Table 5.6: Response based on prevention in influenza vaccination uptake due to lay beliefs......50Table 5.7: Response towards low support from family as a major factor hindering vaccination uptake.............................................................................................................................................51Table 5.8: Response towards social influence acting as a major role affecting vaccination uptake.......................................................................................................................................................52Table 5.9: Response towards vaccination uptake is still needed by major parts of UAE.............53Table 5.10: Responses towards effectiveness of influencing people through governmental programs to uptake vaccination.....................................................................................................54Table 5.11: Response towards necessity of influenza vaccination for children............................56Table 5.12: Response about children being the main carrier of influenza virus...........................57Table 5.13: Response about effectiveness in taking influenza vaccination during pregnancy......58Table 5.14: Response about influenza vaccination being neglected by pregnant woman.............59Table 5.15: Response based on prevention in influenza vaccination uptake by pregnant woman due to lay beliefs............................................................................................................................60Table 5.16: Response towards low support from family as a major factor hindering vaccination uptake for pregnant woman...........................................................................................................61Table 5.17: Response towards social influence acting as a major role affecting vaccination uptake for pregnant woman...........................................................................................................62Table 5.18: Response based on vaccination against influenza might affect baby.........................63Table 5.19: Response of people about influenza being a serious disease.....................................64Table 5.20: Response based on influenza can be cured using traditional measures......................65Table 5.21: Response based on effectiveness of vaccination to fight influenza............................66Table 5.22: Response based on UAE getting affected in vaccination uptake for misconception.67Table 5.23: Response based on effectiveness of vaccination programs organized in schools......68
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