Virus Classification


Added on  2019-09-26

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VIRUSINTRODUCTIONThe word virus is extrapolated from a Latin word known as poison. It was initially fascinated from its origin with various chromatic diseases like rabies, foot-and-mouth etc. (Villarreal, L, 2004)DISCUSSIONThe characteristics of life are as follows:1.The living organisms are composed and possessed of cells.2.Energy is required by the living organisms in order to carry out which will help in producing which will further help the organization to sustain.3. The living organisms have the capability to render on their own and the living organismscan perform similarly as a truly living organism which impact the host cells in the most profound way.4.The living organisms have capability to raise.5.The Living organisms have an assemblage of integrated organs, like in multicellular organisms, different type of organs are present but unicellular organisms are composed and possessed of various structures. 6.The genetic material is stored in the cells of living organisms.VIRUSESThe viruses are defined as the parasites which are present on a boundary of life and the inert matter. Virus is made up of the molecules of nucleic acid and proteins but they don’t have an ability to render and spread on their own. The host cell provide abetment to them. When the viruses replicate or render the new genes are being produced (Villarreal, L, 2004). If the produced gene is innovative enough then it gets embodied into the host cell’s genome andbecomes the eternal fragrance of that cell. The example of virus are- HIV/AIDS, Lunar exploratory module (LEM), T4 bacteriophage, ATV (Acidianus-Tailed-Virus) etc.VIRUS CONSIDERD AS NON- LIVINGIf the virus depends on the host cell completely for energy which is needed for synthesis of proteins, nucleic acid, transport, etc. then the bio molecular aspects would be parasitized and thishelps them to render. The virus can only render or replicate with the help of host cell’s body. Therefore, the scientists stated that virus is a non- living parasite which gets energy from a livingmetabolism. The virus is also known as a molecular entity preferably than cellular entity and cannot metabolize of their own (Forterre, P, 2010). They lack in integrated organs and fails to reach a complexity. Therefore, viruses are elusive host gene which are being degenerated into a parasite and they are not able to display the properties of life outside the host cell’s metabolism.
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