What are the main elements of Travel and Tourism?

Published 2022-10-27

Travel And Lifestyle

elements of Travel and Tourism

One of the earliest human activities is travel and tourism. Man used to roam in prehistoric times in quest of food and shelter. However, as time went on, travel turned into a substantially indulged pastime. In order to depart from the boring norm, the idea of paid vacation time during the Industrial Revolution was very important for the growth of leisure travel. Not only this but also weekend vacations encourage the growth of popular tourist spots.

Although over time, the idea of mass tourism has had a negative impact on the destination because of things like pollution, congestion, etc. that paved a path for the creation of alternative forms of tourism like green tourism and sustainable tourism. There are numerous forms of tourism, including ecotourism and heritage tourism, yet also cause zero to no damage to the tourist destination. 

The potential for growth and anticipated benefits make up the dynamic part of the framework for the travel sector. But the system also takes into account the demands of the general population and the global financial environment which are frequently not seen from a conventional perspective. The varied judgments can range from requirements on an objective's capacity for formative learning. The tourism industry as a whole consists of more than just lodging, dining, and sightseeing, attractive, but consists of a variety of interlaced and braided components.

Elements of Travel And Tourism: 

The tourist system's five essential elements are attractions, accessibility, lodging, amenities, and activities.

a) Attractions: 

The attractions are where most tourism activity begins. There must be an attraction at a location or destination for people to go there or bring tourists there. The strongest influencing factors of all the factors are thought to be the attractions. They have the power to make or break a place. There are two categories of attractions: Both man-made and natural attractions exist, including lakes, rivers, mountains, and other natural features. The main goal of any visitor is to actually experience the site, albeit convenience and lodging are also factors in this phenomenon. However, it might be argued that there wouldn't be any tourism without attractions, even with transportation, lodging, and other services.

Although it might be argued that there wouldn't be any tourism without attractions, other factors like transportation, lodging, activities, and facilities can also serve as draws.

Attractions are the initial link in the supply chain for tourism.

  • One of the most significant factors and elements that draw people to move from one location to another area is attractions.
  • Archaeological sites, cultural sites, historical structures and monuments, as well as natural settings like beaches, mountains, flora and fauna, resorts, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, and zoological parks, are all examples of attractions.
  • Events like exhibits, trade shows, festivals, sporting events, etc. are also considered attractions.
  • Attractions are necessary for travel. It provides pleasure and draws an increasing number of people.
  • Additionally, attractions draw and link people to enjoy and participate in a variety of tourism-related activities.

There are usually two kinds of attraction: 

  1. Natural Attractions: Natural attractions are areas that were created by nature itself, such as natural landscapes, beaches, wildlife, caverns, mountains, flora, and fauna.
  2. Man-Made Attractions: Man-made attractions are those that have been created or developed by people, such as monuments, historical structures, festivals, music, churches, temples, Disney lands, amusement parks, museums, casinos, and nightclubs, among other things.

b) Accessibility: 

Accessibility or otherwise said as transportation is an essential component of the tourism system as it creates a linkage between market source and destination. If there are attractions then those have to be visited by the tourists. Transportation is not a target usually but a mandate for the conduct of tours. But in some cases, transport can also become an attraction, for example, tourist trains run by IRCTC like Maharajas’ Express, Royal Rajasthan on wheels, etc. There are various modes of transportation available like roadways, airways, waterways and railways. Ideally, transport should be comfortable, reliable, affordable and appropriate for the traveller; whichever mode it may be. Transportation is a crucial/important key factor that has a huge impact on the growth and development of the tourism industry. The attraction may be manmade or natural but without accessibility, tourists cannot reach a destination from their origin or place of being. There is a different mode of transportation that helps a tourist to reach his destination in any part of the world. 

Regardless of whether an attraction is man-made or natural, without accessibility, travellers cannot go from their starting point or location to their destination.

Anywhere in the world, a tourist can reach his or her destination via a variety of transportation methods.

Three primary types or modes of transportation are:

  • Road Transportation: Surface transportation encompasses both land-based railroads and roads. When compared to other forms of transportation, it is one of the least expensive.
  •  Air Transportation: One of the most expedient and expensive modes of transportation, air travel is primarily utilised for long-distance trips.

            It has greatly aided people's ability to travel large distances and up steep slopes.

  • Water Transportation: One of the earliest methods of moving people or goods across the water is water transportation. As shipping technology advanced in the 19th century, it significantly influenced travel.

c) Accommodations: 

One of the most important components of a destination is lodging. Any traveller who decides to visit a particular location would first search for lodging that met his or her demands. It ought to offer him/her amenities like food and drink services, sleeping quarters, etc. that meet his standards of satisfaction. Many individuals view lodgings as tourist attractions in and of themselves. There are a select few locations that draw travellers just for their hotels. Some hotels where guests must pay only to enter the hotel grounds include Palace Hotel Chail, Umaid Bhawan Palace, and Jodhpur. In this way, there are many locations around the world where lodging units are regarded as tourism goods.

Providing diverse categories of people with food and lodging is considered accommodation.

Food and hotel services are included in accommodations for various categories of visitors.

The lodging should be cosy and the lodging unit should offer the visitor high-quality services and amenities.

There are primarily two types of lodging:

  • Serviced Accommodation: This term describes the services offered by hotels, resorts, lodges, guest houses, motels, boutique hotels, and homestay establishments, among others. In order to offer guests shelter and eating services, various hotels have been created.
  • Self-Catering or Supplementary Accommodation: These are locations that provide lodging but omit hotel amenities. In exchange for a daily fee, it offers lodging and meals. For instance, hostels for young people, Dharamshalas, vacation resorts, etc.

d) Amenities and Activities

The services that a traveller needs in order to make his trip easier are known as amenities. Infrastructure facilities like roads, sewage systems, power grids, phone lines, etc. are considered amenities, along with additional facilities like police stations, ATMs, forex booths, hospitals, etc.

Every traveller seeking a new location hopes to find first-rate amenities and services. The industry makes significant efforts to meet their need.

Each destination or centre for tourism needs high-quality facilities.

Services like swimming, boating, sailing, surfing, and other amenities like recreation, dancing, and other entertainment and amusement services are extremely important for every single tourist destination for a coastal resort. Facilities can be of two types: man-made, or different types of entertainment facilities that can meet the specific needs of the various tourists, and natural, or sea-bathing, beaches, fishing chances, trekking, climbing, viewing opportunities, etc. Outstanding beaches that are shaded from the sun by palm and coconut trees and that offer ideal swimming conditions create a great tourist destination. Other natural resources, such as expansive bodies of water for cruising or opportunities for hunting and fishing, are also quite important.

Conclusion: 

Travellers should be able to afford the expenditures of transportation, lodging, admission fees, and other travel-related expenses. As a result, travel companies are developing new package tour initiatives. This is so that travellers on package tours don't have to worry about making their own reservations or planning their own travel schedules, as the tour operators handle everything for them at a lower cost.

The above-mentioned A's of travel and tourism should therefore be balanced if the intended tourist destinations are to receive more tourists, and travellers from various age groups and backgrounds should also find something to interest them.

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