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Report On Leader Vs Manager

   

Added on  2019-09-30

6 Pages1935 Words174 Views
An analysis of the interviewee’s leadership style, leader vs. manager, and which model(s) may be useful to explain it.Leadership is defined as how an individual leads a group while a manager is defined as how he manages a group of individuals. To define the leadership trait or a manager one should analyse different styles (Kirton,2006)Leadership vs ManagementSummaryAuthorityRole conflictsSummaryA leader always gives a clear direction & management is just managing individuals at various levels. The leader identifies resources, key people, & make them understand the crucially of the project. While just manager understands the resources, people & discusses the management strategy rather than leading them.AuthorityDue to good leader traits, people at various levels gets influenced & follows them, while the manager is just making other group or individuals obeying rules which are laid.Role conflictsLeader wears various hats while leading people, a guide, and decided, influential while manager has to just manage people at various levels or resources. People are more loyal towards the leader then towards the manager. A manager can be or cannot be a good leader but a leader can be a good manager as well.Some small groups might require leaders to lead them while self-motivated people may not require a firm leader to lead them.Comparison chartLeadership versus Management comparison chartLeadershipManagementDefinitionLeadership means "to lead people."Management means to manage people & make them obey.OrientationPeople-orientedTask-orientedFocusLeading peopleManaging work

Leadership versus Management comparison chartLeadershipManagementOutcomesAchievementsResultsApproach to riskRisk-takingRisk-averseRole in decision-makingFacilitativeInvolvedPower throughCharisma & InfluenceFormal authority & PositionOrganizationLeaders have followersManager have subordinatesAppeal toHeartHeadThere various ways of having a leadership styles-:The Trait Theory of LeadershipAn effective leader is hard to fine but clearly distinguishableinbetween the group he exists. It is sole to do with the characteristics of an individual & how he influences the group. In in-depth studies, it has been found that an effective leadership and individual traits such as intelligence, speech style, body behaviour, expression of thoughts etc. Such influential & effective leader emerges as a winner in any situationsThe Contingency Theory of LeadershipIt is found people or a leader does not behave in the same situations everywhere & hence maynot in every situation. On an in-depth study, a specific trait or personality is not found among such leaders. Due to the existing situations good or bad how an individual deal is a way to define a true leader. In a contingency theory due to the situations prevalent & how a leader emerges as a winner is truly due to the situation. Situation correlation with the leader attitude is how the leader is defined. Leadership style, situation & analysing the situation into three part: the influence & how a leader leads a group, difficult or easy tasks, and how leader dealt with it.The Behavioural Theory of LeadershipIt is quite criticized that leadership is not only purely traits but overall situations or tasks. On researching & analysing it was found how a leader defined a situation, break down a given tasks & how the group got influenced. B.F. Skinner's founded this theory of Behaviour Leadership. Hence in a given situation how individual deals with it & how he modifies his behaviour is a part of Behaviour Theory. Adaptation of behaviour as per a situation.

An example when an employee falls sick or takes an unplanned leave during the crucial working days how a manager or leader deals with it & convince the sick employee & other group members is directly proportional to leader behaviour in a given situation.The Full-Range Theory of LeadershipAn employee identification about himself with a given important or normal project is a trait which is studied in depth in this theory. The four major components of the theory, which cover the full range of essential qualities of a good leader, are:·Individualized consideration: how leader values each individual, motivates or listen to them.·Intellectual stimulation: conventional ideas & how to remove barriers in a given situation is planned forecasted by a leader.·Inspirational motivation: in a situation or in normal life scenario how a leader inspires others to work removing all the conflicts & smoothening the situation.·Idealized influence: A leader provides a role model & proving to be highly influential.A summary of the change made by the leader and an analysis whether the model may explainfactors required for the changeFactors which may affect changes-:·Due to the prediction dates or forecasting the desired result & how well it contributes to the success of a business depends on the suitable strategies which are devised. If there are delays, lags or it's not reaching specific deadlines then we change the style of working (Finger, 2013).·External factors such as market volatility, labor frictions, inflows & outflows investment/money issues can’t be predicted & one should take care of such factors which will affect our business & there on our planning. Hence always devising an alternative plan should be thought off & implemented.·Internally there can be some factors which can affect the smooth functioning of the organization. Change in executive’s positions or change in senior management's anything canaffect the business & hence change in strategy should be executed.·Whenever changes occur during the functionality or due to changes in management.Transformationmay result in chaos & confusions among the workforce. The way it is dealt at ground level by management should be planned & handled well.

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