Applied Sport Psychology | Assignment

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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Running Head: APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY 1Applied Sport PsychologyStudent’s NameCourse NumberName of CourseInstitutionDateInstructor’s Name
APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY2Building self-confidence1.It has been mentioned in the particular segment that self-confidence plays an importantrole and also it is one of the most discriminating factors between the less successful and thesuccessful performances in the world of sports to a great extent.It has been observed and witnessed that the self-efficacy as stated by Bandura in the year1977 was the self-efficacy is regarded as the main role for analyzing the changes achieved inavoidant as well as the fearful behavior in the individuals (Bandura and Adams, 1977).Furthermore, the theory was mainly based on the main assumption that the psychological formsdo not matter whatever forms they are in serves as a vital component for strengthening andcreating the reasonable amount of expectations with regards to the personal efficacy. The theoryalso distinguishes in a successful manner between the response outcome expectancies and theexpectations of efficacy (Bandura, 1977). On the other hand, in the sport-confidence theoryoutlined by Valley in the year, 1986 suggested that the sports confidence can be defined as thedegree or the belief of certainty that an individual possesses about their personal ability to besuccessful in the world of sports. Furthermore, it has been also noticed that the SportsConfidence Theory mainly measures two factors: State sports confidence and traits sportsconfidence. The trait sports confidence is considered to be like the other personality traits thattend to remain in a stable position. Additionally, the trait confidence is also a difference from theparticular confidence as it relates to the generalized belief of a person about the extent to whichtheir ability may bring a reasonable amount of success across a huge range of sports. It is one ofthe reasons why the trait confidence is also global. Secondly, the state sports confidence can also
APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY3be developed via learning and it tends to be quite changeable and unstable. The state confidenceis directly related to the belief of an individual with regards to at what extent to which the sport'sperson ability will bring success at a specific moment. It is the main reason why the stateconfidence can be regarded as particular to a situation. Throwing light on the above-mentioneddiscussion, it can be said that confidence plays the most important role in the life of a sportsperson and it is also important for their performance as it has shown to influence the sportingattainment, behaviors, and attitudes. One of the most recent models with regards to the sports-confidence also retains the original nine sources of confidence and also includes the three vitalelements that are an absolute necessity for an athlete namely the physical training and skills,cognitive efficiency, and the resilience. Furthermore, the model also proposed that the overallculture of the sport such as the competition level and the characteristics of the sportsperson suchas their gender will greatly influence the types and sources of sports-confidence used (Vealeyand et al., 1998).The following are some of the strategies and psychological interventions that are used by thesports psychologists for enhancing the self-confidence of a sports person:Firstly, the approval and the praise by some of the significant persons in terms of strongteam cohesion will tend to enhance the self-confidence of the sportspersonSecondly, if there is an effective amount of leadership demonstrated by the coach then itwill instantly raise the confidence level at an alarming rate among the team membersThirdly, the individuals who lack in the self-confidence must be helped by the sportspsychologists in terms of seeing if their working conditions are suitable enough for them
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