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Running Head: APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY 1Applied Sport PsychologyStudent’s NameCourse NumberName of CourseInstitutionDateInstructor’s Name
APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY2Building self-confidence1.It has been mentioned in the particular segment that self-confidence plays an importantrole and also it is one of the most discriminating factors between the less successful and thesuccessful performances in the world of sports to a great extent.It has been observed and witnessed that the self-efficacy as stated by Bandura in the year1977 was the self-efficacy is regarded as the main role for analyzing the changes achieved inavoidant as well as the fearful behavior in the individuals (Bandura and Adams, 1977).Furthermore, the theory was mainly based on the main assumption that the psychological formsdo not matter whatever forms they are in serves as a vital component for strengthening andcreating the reasonable amount of expectations with regards to the personal efficacy. The theoryalso distinguishes in a successful manner between the response outcome expectancies and theexpectations of efficacy (Bandura, 1977). On the other hand, in the sport-confidence theoryoutlined by Valley in the year, 1986 suggested that the sports confidence can be defined as thedegree or the belief of certainty that an individual possesses about their personal ability to besuccessful in the world of sports. Furthermore, it has been also noticed that the SportsConfidence Theory mainly measures two factors: State sports confidence and traits sportsconfidence (Singer, Hausenblas and Janelle, 2001). The trait sports confidence is considered tobe like the other personality traits that tend to remain in a stable position. Additionally, the traitconfidence is also a difference from the particular confidence as it relates to the generalizedbelief of a person about the extent to which their ability may bring a reasonable amount ofsuccess across a huge range of sports. It is one of the reasons why the trait confidence is also
APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY3global. Secondly, the state sports confidence can also be developed via learning and it tends to bequite changeable and unstable. The state confidence is directly related to the belief of anindividual with regards to at what extent to which the sport's person ability will bring success at aspecific moment. It is the main reason why the state confidence can be regarded as particular to asituation. Throwing light on the above-mentioned discussion, it can be said that confidence playsthe most important role in the life of a sports person and it is also important for their performanceas it has shown to influence the sporting attainment, behaviors, and attitudes. One of the mostrecent models with regards to the sports-confidence also retains the original nine sources ofconfidence and also includes the three vital elements that are an absolute necessity for an athletenamely the physical training and skills, cognitive efficiency, and the resilience (Weinberg andJackson, 1990). Furthermore, the model also proposed that the overall culture of the sport such asthe competition level and the characteristics of the sportsperson such as their gender will greatlyinfluence the types and sources of sports-confidence used (Vealey and et al., 1998).The following are some of the strategies and psychological interventions that are used by thesports psychologists for enhancing the self-confidence of a sports person:Firstly, the approval and the praise by some of the significant persons in terms of strongteam cohesion will tend to enhance the self-confidence of the sportspersonSecondly, if there is an effective amount of leadership demonstrated by the coach then itwill instantly raise the confidence level at an alarming rate among the team membersThirdly, the individuals who lack in the self-confidence must be helped by the sportspsychologists in terms of seeing if their working conditions are suitable enough for them
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