Assignment | Organisational Behaviour

Added on - 22 Nov 2020

  • 14

    Pages

  • 4570

    Words

  • 10

    Views

  • 0

    Downloads

Trusted by +2 million users,
1000+ happy students everyday
Showing pages 1 to 4 of 14 pages
ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOUR
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................3TASK 1 REPORT...........................................................................................................................3LO1 Influence Of Culture, Politics And Power On The Behaviour Of Others In AnOrganisational Context...........................................................................................................3LO2 Content And Process Theories Of Motivation And Motivational Techniques EnableEffective Achievement Of Goals In An Organisational Context...........................................6TASK 2 ESSAY.............................................................................................................................8LO3 Characteristics Which An Effective Team, As Opposed To An Ineffective Team......8LO4 Concepts And Philosophies Of Organizational Behaviour And their Impact In Tesco10CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................13
INTRODUCTIONOrganizational behaviour is basically a study of employee's behaviour and how theyinteract within a group. Normally this study is applied in an organization to create a betterbusiness organization or we can say that it is basically an interface between an organization andemployees. We will explain this report with the help of an example of a company “TESCO”.TESCO is UK's one of the biggest retailing business organization founded in 1919. Today it isone of the largest retail business organization in the world. Its main business is retailing in UK,which has a contribution of 60% of it's profit and sales. This report will consist of followingtopics such as: influence of culture, power and politics on the behaviour of others in anorganization, how to motivate individuals and team to achieve a goal, how to co-operateeffectively with others and concepts and philosophies of organizational behaviour in TESCO.TASK 1 REPORTLO1Influence Of Culture, Politics And Power On The Behaviour Of Others In AnOrganisational ContextNowadays combination of these three has been all over an organization or workplace.Today an individual need to worry not only about work or task assigned to them but many moreespecially in a business environment. Culture, power and politics in an organization influencedaily operations as well as an organization's atmosphere is also governed. Culture, power andpolicies have a huge impact in the workplace and it is reflected directly in an organization'sculture both informally and formally.When a power is acquired by a person it is meant for achieving some purpose. When usedappropriately desired goals and objectives can be achieved(Nicolson, 2015). If these powers areused in time and used appropriately then it can solve crises also like in TESCO, few years backTesco was facing crises because of suppliers more profit. Tesco managers used their powers andreported it to the seniors and made them see the situation. Sometimes powers are used forbenefits of employees as it can inspire and motivate other employees to work hard and remaincommitted towards their work. Many obstacles like bureaucratic obstacles can be removedthrough use of power in an organization. If power is used in a positive way then creativity inwork of employees can be enhanced. So, we can say that influence of power is also positive foran organization.3
When a power is used ineffectively or not used at all when needed, it can lead to non-functioning of system. This can happen when inexperienced managers are appointed or thosewho lack confidence. Power can be used in a negative way as sometimes higher authorities usetheir power to cancel incentives of an employee for their personal agendas also.There are four sources from where these powers come from i.e. an office or structure canprovide powers to a particular person, personal characteristics of a charismatic leader has powerto influence others, expertise in an organization also has powers as they have extraordinaryknowledge and some times opportunities can also give some specialized powers. Powers aremainly on directional i.e. they flow form higher levels to lower levels i.e. mostly superiorssubordinates have power over their junior subordinates(Alvesson and Sveningsson, 2015). Butsometimes flow of the power is multidirectional when it comes to influence. This power ofinfluence gives both the sub-ordinates power to influence others i.e. juniors can influence seniorsdecisions and seniors can influence juniors and get more from them.Politics can be practices by both organization and government to struggle for influence,power, bargaining, conflicts, resolution, reconciliation and consequences. There are mostly twotypes of politics i.e. organizational politics and state politics. But in this study we will focus onorganizational politics. Organizational politics are a behaviour which are taken for a specificposition or against it. Politics are intended by individuals to obtain selfish ends which areopposed by others in an organization. Organization politics can focus on individual or group ofpeople as well as behave in such a way that is harmful of an organization. They are certain tohappen but differ from organization to organization. Ethics always comes in between whenpolitics comes into picture so it is important to consider bargaining when it comes toorganizational politics. Organizational politics can come into picture anywhere for example it anew company is to be set up then its location can be influenced by the desire of topmost peoplelike where they live or want to revisit. Few years ago Tesco was asked to change their tag line orpay a fine.Influence of politics is also positive in an organization as they can provide competitiveadvantage when it comes to skilled employees. Politically skilled management can manage anorganization environment successfully even under pressure.4
desklib-logo
You’re reading a preview
Preview Documents

To View Complete Document

Click the button to download
Subscribe to our plans

Download This Document