Assignment on Anatomy and Physiology

Added on - Oct 2020

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ANATOMY ANDPHYSIOLOGY
TABLE OF CONTENTSQUESTION 1..................................................................................................................................1PART 3: Functions of skeletal system.......................................................................................1QUESTION 2...................................................................................................................................1Types of movable joint...............................................................................................................1QUESTION 3...................................................................................................................................2PART 1: Muscles and joint movement involved in swimming.................................................2PART 2: Joints and muscles participating in cycling action......................................................3QUESTION 4...................................................................................................................................3PART 1: General functions of skeletal muscles........................................................................3PART 2: Composition and functions of different components of skeletal muscles..................3QUESTION 5..................................................................................................................................4Analysing antagonistic pair within human body and its role in producing movement..............4REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................5
QUESTION 1PART 3: Functions of skeletal systemThe skeleton system consist of bones, cartilage, joints, ligaments and tendons whichallow living beings to have multifunctional structure.Support:The structural composition of skeleton system provide support to body such asvertebral column keeps body in upright position. It is also responsible for deciding shape andheight of individuals.Storage and blood production:Skeleton system stores fats, lipids and minerals within yellowmarrow. Red marrow produces blood cells (Herman, 2016). This functionality is calledhemopoiesis and is vital for the survival of organisms.Protection:The vital body parts like heart and brain needs protection from injuries and thus theyare protected by ribs and cranium.Movement:Another key function is to facilitate the movement in body through bone functioningand actions.QUESTION 2Types of movable jointJoints serve the function of holding skeleton and supporting movement. The movablejoints are not fixed and have ability to move and thus causing movement in living beings as well.The four types of movable joints are as follows:Gliding joints:This type of joints such as joints in ankles, vertebrae and wrists allow sliding andtwisting but are not able to make circular motion. The bones in these types of joints can slideagainst each other.Hinge joint:The movement of hinge joint is limited to only angular moment which can allowonly extension and prevent rotation. Similar to the hinge action of door these joints perform theiraction. Joints of ankles, knees and elbow are its example.Ball and socket joint:It this type of joint for giving complete range of motion one rounded endbone is fitted into another cupped bone. Hips and shoulder joints are common example of thistype (Jiang and et.al., 2015).1
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