Evidence Based Practice in Nursing Essay

Added on -2020-05-11

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Running Head: NURSINGNursingName of the StudentName of the University Author Note
1NURSINGIntroduction The essay aims to address the clinical question developed by Wasim. Wasim is auniversity student, who learns about use of stimulants by his friends for performing well inexams. He intends to identify if this claims are true as wrong information can lead harmfulconsequences. To test his skills in evaluating evidence, Wasim had developed PICO question.The essay critically evaluates two research papers related to use of simulant by universitystudents. After finding evidence, the essay highlights the barriers to implement the evidence. Theuse of the PICO question in this essay is the outcome of the benefits of using the evidence-basedpractice. Evidence-based practice is the use of latest research evidence conscientiously. PICOmethod is the process of developing the well-formulated clinical question. PICO method helps tosolve the clinical question with the systematic search of evidence and its critical appraisal(Richardson et al., 2017). The components of the PICO question helps to identify the evidencefrom the literature search specific to the clinical dilemma, health issue or effect of use of therapy(Lawler et al., 2015). PICOIn PICO question the four components include: P- identified problem or population; I-intervention; C- comparator or placebo and O -outcome.The PICO question developed by Wasim is-Do stimulants increase academic performance in university students?PICOUniversity studentsUse of stimulants orsmart drugs-Academicperformanceenhancement
2NURSINGPart A1.Hildt, E., Lieb, K., & Franke, A. G. (2014). Life context of pharmacological academicperformance enhancement among university students–a qualitative approach.BMCmedical ethics,15(1), 23.AuthorshipIn the above given qualitative paper three authors have collaborated in the research andeach belong to different professional background. The strength of the research paper is enhancedby the given authorship details. In the qualitative study, Elisabeth Hildt, the first author works at“Centre for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology” as professorand director. She is expert in the field of neuroscience and most significantly the field ofcognitive enhancement and her research is focused on the philosophical and ethical issues in thissubject. Professor Klaus Lieb, who is the second author works as Director of the Department forPsychiatry and Psychotherapy at Mainz University. AndreasGünterFranke is the third authorwho works also in the same department as trainee (Hildt et al. 2014). These details signify thecredibility of the research and give the readers the confidence that the results may be reliable.The local committee has approved this research study, which is indicating that the studyconsidered the ethical issues (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2017). It can be interpreted that theremay be no conflict of interest and the research appears to be well conducted. Research Aims The aim of the qualitative study is to address the research gap related to academicperformance enhancement using the stimulants. There is lack of sufficient empirical data in thisarea as the illicit use of stimulants by university is less explored.
3NURSINGDesign For this study, Hildt et al. (2014) had selected qualitative research paradigm. The datacollection instrument for this purpose is the face-to-face interview using semi-structuredinterview guidelines, which involves open-ended questions. The study includes 18 universitystudents using stimulant for academic enhancement non-medically. Findings The findings of this study revealed that the stimulants increase the ability of theuniversity students to cope up with academic curriculum. Students prefer these drugs as itincreases memorising power. As per the findings of this article, in addition to the cognitivefunction enhancement these smart drugs also find its use in multifaceted context of life. Itimproves the executive skills therefore; students consuming it can have work-life balance.Considering the study results the aims of the study seems to be achieved. Strength and weaknesses The strength of the study is the details on authorship. The need of research is justifiedbecause there is an insufficient literature related to the use of stimulants and associatedcontextual factors or the real world effects when used by the university students. This study helpsto identify if there are other benefits of using stimulant apart from academic and cognitiveenhance. By studying the impact of the smart drugs on a broad context, the areas of interventionscan be identified. Further strength of the paper relevant background and thorough literaturereview conducted. The research methodology is justified as qualitative interviews helps indistilling the complex problem into manageable portions (O’Brien et al., 2014). The qualitativeresearch adds to strength of paper as it helps explore participant’s interaction with the stimulants

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