Operations and Project Management - Unilever

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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Operations and ProjectManagement
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3LO1..................................................................................................................................................3Review and critique of the implementation of operations management principles within anorganisational context..................................................................................................................3LO2..................................................................................................................................................6Continuous improvement plan based on the review and critique of operations managementprinciples.....................................................................................................................................6LO3..................................................................................................................................................8Apply each stage of the PLC, producing necessary supporting documentation for completingproject..........................................................................................................................................8........................................................................................................................................................11........................................................................................................................................................11LO4................................................................................................................................................13Review and critique the effectiveness of the PLC in application to the chosen project usingappropriate theories, concepts and models................................................................................13CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................14REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................16
INTRODUCTIONOperation and project management can be defined as the process of managing all thebusiness activities so that long term organisational goals could be attained. These two proceduresare vital to be focused by top level executives of organisations so that profitability can beenhanced and productivity can be increased(Alias and et. al., 2014). This report has twodifferent part, first part is based upon Unilever which is a transnational consumer goodscompany and mainly established in UK. Second part is based upon Sunshine Drinks Companywhich is planning to launch a new energy drink in the market. This report covers various topicssuch as review and critique on effectiveness of operations management principles, application ofcontinuous improvement plan and project life cycle in organisational context. Along with this,review and and critique of effectiveness of project life cycle is also covered under thisassignment.LO1Review and critique of the implementation of operations management principles within anorganisational contextIntroduction of the organisation:Unilever is a British Dutch transnational consumergoods enterprise. It was founded by Lever Brothers, Samuel van den Bergh, Antonius JohnnesJurgens, Georg Schicht in year 1929. It is mainly based in London United Kingdom andexecuting business operations all around the world. All the operational activities of company areperformed with the help of more than 155000 employees(Bahn, 2013). It deals in differentproducts such as beauty, personal care, refreshment, food and cleaning. It is a part of consumergoods industry.Difference between operation and operations management:OperationOperations managementAll the business activities which are executedby an organisation for the purpose of attainingorganisational goals are known as operations.It is a process which is related to designing,implementing and controlling of operations.It is not possible for business entities to reachto the predetermined objectives withoutexecuting operations.In order to execute operations in appropriatemanner it is an essential element.
It is one of the major functions which areperformed by an organisation.It is an area of management which is concernedwith planning, organising and controlling offunctions.These are performed by workers according todirection of management.It is done by top level managers to make surethat all the operations are performed inappropriate manner or not.Operation management principles:There are various types of principles which areconsidered as the part of operation management. With the help of all of them it can be assuredthat improvement in organisational processes is required or not(Binder, 2016). In Unilevermanagers use two different types of operation management principles which are as follows:Six Sigma:it is a set of techniques which are used by Unilever by top executives for thepurpose of analysing requirement of improvement. It is a statistical and disciplined approachwhich guides managers to take appropriate decisions. There are five different elements of it thatare described below:Define:It is first principle of six sigma in which managers in Unilever analyse businessproblems such as deceased productivity of staff or reduction in profits. When it is identifiedthen they form strategies to deal with it. If they are not able to analyse the problem then it canaffect organisation negatively.Measure:Under this principles current baseline is established for the purpose of resolution ofproblems by managers in Unilever. After successful establishment of baseline business processcould be executed well structure manner. This principle requires large investment and for allcompanies it is not possible to spend high monetary resources.Analyse:This principle is implemented by managers in Unilever in order to assess and analyseactual causes of issues which are taking place within the company. If roots of problems areidentified then right solutions could be implemented to respond them. If managers get failed inanalysis then it can make problems more critical.Improve:With the help of this principle managers of Unilever get direction to implementappropriate solution for the issues according to their causes. When it is imposed properly thenbusiness issues could be resolved but in opposite situation it can create more problems forcompany.Control:It is last principle of six sigma in which managers in Unilever try to make sure that
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