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LEADERSHIP AND ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR

   

Added on  2020-06-04

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ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOUR: LEADERSHIP

Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................................3MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................................3INTRODUCTION TO LEADERSHIP............................................................................................................3IMPLICIT LEADERSHIP THEORIES............................................................................................................4TRANSFORMATIONAL V/S TRANSACTIONAL THEORIES..........................................................................4CONTINGENCY THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP..............................................................................................5AUTHENTIC, ETHICAL AND PROSOCIAL LEADERSHIP..............................................................................6SHARED LEADERSHIP..............................................................................................................................7NEGOTIATION.........................................................................................................................................8LEADER DEVELOPMENT..........................................................................................................................8LEADERSHIP AND COMMUNICATION.....................................................................................................9CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................................9REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................................11

INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behavior can be defined as a study of behavior of people inside theorganization. This is normally studied so as to make organization a better place to work at. Thereare so many principles as well as approaches that are used in the business so as to make it moreefficient. One of the main factors which is required to be considered here is Leadership (Bolmanand Deal, 2017) . If good leadership is present in the company then the employees will be able towork in a better manner and productivity of the organization will also increase. Throughleadership theories, managers can try to achieve all the goals and objectives of the organization.This report will discuss about various elements about leaders and leadership and will also explainthe importance of leadership in the company. MAIN BODYINTRODUCTION TO LEADERSHIPLeadership can be defined as a factor through which management gains the ability tomake good decisions for the company so as to inspire the team to perform well in the company.In this process, employees are given direction which they have to follow so as to achieve thegoals and objectives of the company. Therefore, it can be said that in leadership work is donethrough others. It is a very important factor which needs to be present in the company so as todevelop the performance of team members by providing them good motivation and increasingtheir creativity as well. Through leadership, management can even assign responsibility as well as accountability amongteam members so as to increase their value and bring success to the company. A leader is havinga very important place in an organization but it is very much different from a manager.Leadership is considered as a part of management and thus leadership is done for improving thework of management (Babcock-Roberson and Strickland, 2010). While performing leadership, a leader guides and directs other people who are working inthe company as they are given the task to improve the productivity id employees as well as thecompany. Managers directs the leaders what they have to do and also a leader handles

communication, credibility, and empowerment whereas a manager deals with organizing andstaffing. Therefore, it can be said that leadership is a very important activity that needs to beimplemented by the managers of the company so as to improve the performance of company inthe market. IMPLICIT LEADERSHIP THEORIESThis theory was basically developed by Robert Lord and his colleagues and it was formedafter analyzing the real experiences of leaders in the company. These theories basically tell aboutthe beliefs and assumptions that are taken by an effective leader. In this theory it is alsodetermined that each and every person who is working in the organization assumes an image ofan ideal leader and then if the leader who is appointed by the company fits in that image then it issaid that the leader is effective and if not then they are said to be a bad leader. This theory is basically based on the idea in which individuals make cognitive reflection of theworld and then they used their assumed philosophy in interpreting each and every activity that ishappening around them (Nam Nguyen and Mohamed, 2011). Implicit leadership theorybasically gives suggestions about the assumptions and expectations about the characteristics antraits that are required to e present in the leader and then these assumptions only decide theirbehavior towards the leader who is working in their company. It also varies between individualsto individuals as everyone is having their own perceptions and they are judging the leaders on thebasis of their perceptions only. It can also vary if the leader is male or a female.So, in an organization, it is very important to take care that no such biasness is happening inbetween the leader and their followers and it also be prescribed that leaders should not be judgedby personal interests or perception rather they should give them a chance to prove themselvesand if the results are good then it means that the leader is effective. TRANSFORMATIONAL V/S TRANSACTIONAL THEORIESLeadership can be defined as a factor of influencing the behavior of individuals in anorganization so as to complete the goals of the organization. There are so many managementexperts who have come up with so many various leadership theories regarding behavior, traits,nature etc. few of them are like Authoritarian, Laissez-faire, Transactional, Transformational,Paternalistic and Democratic (Yukl, 2013). Our of these, transactional leadership is also known

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