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Organisational Structure and Culture of ASDA

   

Added on  2020-07-22

12 Pages3168 Words423 Views
Leadership ManagementProfessional DevelopmentDesign and Creativity
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BehaviouralScience
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Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1LITERATURE REVIEW................................................................................................................1Organisational structure and culture of ASDA plc and British Airways....................................1Impact on the performance of ASDA plc...................................................................................1Factors influence the individual behaviour at work....................................................................2Effectiveness of different leadership styles.................................................................................2Organisational theories used by the business..............................................................................3Approaches used by the management.........................................................................................3Different motivation theories adopt by the company..................................................................4Innovative and creative ways used by ASDA plc to motivate their employees.........................4CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................5REFERENCES................................................................................................................................7Illustration IndexIllustration 1: Leadership Styles......................................................................................................9Illustration 2: Maslow need Hierarchy theory.................................................................................9Illustration 3: Herzberg Two Factor Theory....................................................................................9
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INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour is the study to analysis behaviour and attitude of employees. Itincludes all the tool, techniques and approaches by which manager will make effectiveunderstanding of workers. The aim of making study is to analysis the efficiency of a firm. Thisreport describes the role of organisational behaviour of two companies ASDA PLC and BritishAirways. The aim of the study to focus on OB on improving the employee’s performance. It alsoexplains the importance of employee motivation and role which is essential for a business.LITERATURE REVIEWOrganisational structure and culture of ASDA plc and British AirwaysAccording to De Jong and Den Hartog (2010) structure and culture of organisation refersto any environment in which business can operates its activity. It including the variousdepartment by which activity are circulated and performance can be done in a wide level. ASDAplc adopted the hierarchical organisational structure in which large numbers of workers workingin different departments. All the information passes from store manager to chain of employees.On the other hand, British Airways adopted the formal structure. As per De Jong and Den Hartog(2010) Teams and groups are working together in an organisation for achieving their futuregolas.. Top level manager will formulate the main policies and communicate them with differentemployees in an appropriate manner.According to Brown (2013) the culture of ASDA plc is wide in nature. There are 170000employees working in it. Company believes that all the staff members need to work ethically andcommunicate all the issues freely with their seniors. Motive of ASDA is to put various effortswhich are beneficial for the employees, customers and community as a whole. On the other side,British Airways works is diversified nature. According to Ankli and Palliam (2012) they givepriority to their clients and deal with great efficiency. All the staff members work in groups andcomplete their given tasks in an appropriate manner.Impact on the performance of ASDA plcAs per Dalal (2012) organisational structure affect the company in a large level. ASDAplc has strong chain due to adoption of hierarchical structure. This highly determined structureextends impactful control over the workers and encourages better communication amongcompany's personnel. According to Cole (2012) company has already set up their standards that1
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are already been determined by the employees. Company highly influences the performance ofindividual and organisation. Therefore, management of company needs to motivate theemployees by offering incentives, promotion etc, to increases the level of efficiency ofemployees. To acquire the competitive advantages in the market, ASDA need to develop afriendly culture and structure which can provide desirous outcomes from the personnel ofcompany. Firm also adopts effective recruitment process which can be done by orientationprograms. It provide better understanding of different culture of company. The leadership andmanagement behaviour also motivates the employees of ASDA plc. According to Coghlan andBrannick (2014) manager adopt friendly leadership style which makes positive influence on theperformance of employees.Factors influence the individual behaviour at work There are various kinds of factors which highly influence the behaviour of individual ofASDA. These may be internal and external factors which affect the company's performanceinside and outside. It is essential that ASDA plc must manage all those elements which make anynegative impact on employee's behaviour. As per Christian, Garza and Slaughter (2011)company need to analysis the perception of employees towards the firm and environment ofcompany which highly influence the behaviour of workers. It is necessary for the firm todetermine the personality of employees and by using different appraisal methods. ASDA shouldalso use various rewards/incentive techniques, motivation techniques by which it can promotethe performance of employees effectively.Effectiveness of different leadership stylesAs per Brown (2013) Both the organisations i.e. ASDA plc and British airways havestrong command in leadership. Leadership is most essential key for the success of anyorganisation. The different leadership styles used by both the companies are mentioned below.Autocratic Style: Both the mentioned companies do not apply this kind of leadership stylebecause employee involvement is primary. Autocratic leadership style is very common but incase of both the companies it is very important to discuss and consult with their employees aboutany issue and take their views as well. 2
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