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Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome: Impact on Pregnant Women and Their Babies

   

Added on  2024-05-15

35 Pages11345 Words159 Views
Research proposal

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Topic of research.........................................................................................................................1
2. Research questions.......................................................................................................................1
3. Where will research take place....................................................................................................1
4. Research rational.........................................................................................................................1
a) Why this research is important................................................................................................1
b) How does research relate to existing debates in society.........................................................2
c) Justification for selecting this topic.........................................................................................2
5. Literature......................................................................................................................................3
6. Research methodology.................................................................................................................4
a) Research approach..................................................................................................................4
b) Connection between your theoretical approach and collection of data...................................4
c) Timescale.................................................................................................................................4
7. Data collection.............................................................................................................................5
Chapter 1: Introduction....................................................................................................................7
1.1 Background............................................................................................................................7
1.2 Problem statement.................................................................................................................7
1.3 Research questions.................................................................................................................8
1.4 Research aim and objective...................................................................................................8
1.5 Research methodology...........................................................................................................9
1.6 Thesis structure......................................................................................................................9
Chapter 2: Literature review..........................................................................................................10
2.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................10
2.2 Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).......................................................................10
2.3 TTTS impacts on pregnant mother and their baby’s health................................................11

2.4 Causes of TTTS and its during and after delivery impact...................................................13
2.5 Health and social care centres role in preventing and curing TTTS negative effect on
mother and babies health...........................................................................................................14
2.6 Summary..............................................................................................................................15
Chapter 3: Research methodologies..............................................................................................17
3.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................17
3.2 Research design...................................................................................................................17
3.3 Research method..................................................................................................................18
3.4 Data collection.....................................................................................................................19
3.5 Sampling technique.............................................................................................................19
3.6 Data analysis........................................................................................................................19
3.7 Ethical consideration...........................................................................................................20
Chapter 5: Data analysis................................................................................................................21
Theme 1: Twin-twin transfusion syndrome...............................................................................21
Theme 2: Causes and effects of TTTS on mother.....................................................................22
Theme 3: Health and social care responsibility in the prevention of TTTS..............................23
Chapter 5: Conclusion and recommendations...............................................................................25
Conclusion.................................................................................................................................25
Recommendations......................................................................................................................26
References......................................................................................................................................27
Appendix........................................................................................................................................31
Interview survey questions........................................................................................................31

1. Topic of research
The current research is based on analysing the effects on pregnant women and their babies
during and after delivery due to twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome.
2. Research questions
Research questions are based on selected topic of research and further entire research is based on
set research questions. Following are the research questions:
1. What is twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and its effects on the pregnant mother and
their baby’s health?
2. What are the causes of TTTS and its impact on during and after delivery of mother?
3. What is the role of health and social care for preventing twin -to-twin transfusion
syndrome and its negative impact on health?
3. Where will research take place
The research will be conducted on analysing twin -to-twin transfusion syndrome and its effect on
pregnant mother and their babies during and after delivery. All the information and data related
to this subject will be collected from books, online articles, online medical statistics, online
hospital data and journals (Lune and Berg, 2016). Relevant and reliable information required for
conducting this research so that effective outcome can be achieved. Researcher uses different
sources so that this research will take place and main purpose is to get valid information.
4. Research rational
a) Why this research is important
Currently, there are some many miscarriage cases found which are happened due to twin -to-twin
transfusion syndrome and that negatively impacted mother and baby’s health during as well as
after delivery. This research is important as it analyse key reasons and causes behind this
syndrome so that pregnant women can consider these medical issues and take pre-pregnancy care
(Chon et.al, 2017). The research is also significant as it determine importance of health care
practices for preventing these kinds of health issues towards pregnant ladies.
1

b) How does research relate to existing debates in society
Within society there are various debates conducted for analysing key issues behind poor health
conditions of pregnant ladies that also enhances chances of pre-mature babies. Hypertension,
stress, depression etc are the major health issues that are also faced by the pregnant ladies and
that create negative impact on their health during and after delivery. Many researchers and
society people are focusing on analysing reason behind this and for this current research and
selected subject are significant and effective (Clifford et.al, 2017). Present research focuses on
twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome in which complications are faced by mother and their 2
babies because of unbalance flow of blood by placental anastomoses from one baby to another
and that resultant into hypervolemia, polyhydramnios and polyuria. So, study on this health
problem help to analyse the reasons of miscarriage, pre-mature baby’s birth and autism.
c) Justification for selecting this topic
I am a final student of Health and Social Care Management programme and for this I need to
undertake research on practices of health and social care. My personal interest towards this
research is to focus on health issues facing by the pregnant women who are pregnant with twins.
This research and selected subject will help me to enhance my understanding and knowledge
about twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and its impact on mother and their babies during and
after delivery (Hoffman et.al, 2018). This research will also support me to gather lots of
information and data from different sources for collecting accurate and reliable information on
the selected research topic. My personal interest towards this topic is related to the analysing the
main reasons behind increased miscarriage and autism cases that are faced by mothers.
2

5. Literature
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome is disease related to placenta or afterbirth which affects
identical or analysed twin pregnancies. Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome mainly affects the
identical twins that share common or similar monochorionic placenta. Hoffman et.al, (2018),
stated that when shared placenta covers abnormal vessels of blood then it connects umbilical
cords as well as twin’s circulations. This type of transfusion mainly causes donor twin for having
decreased blood volume. This kind of event during pregnancy which leads TTTS disease
enhances the chances of risky pregnancy for mother and also disturbs growth of twins in womb.
There are various types of clinical causes and risk factors that are connected with this transfusion
syndrome due to which complications are faced by mother and their babies during and even after
delivery. The problems with this syndrome impacted health condition of the pregnant lady and
increased miscarriage chances and hypertension situations for lady.
According to Snowise et.al, (2017), there are around 166 patients determined with TTTS
problem and twelve patients are excluded from nine triplet gestations from one case of the
monoamniotic twin gestation. It is also analysed that placenta considered as biologic structure
which mainly causes injury and death of more than one individual at same time. This biological
structure becomes major reason behind Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome and increases injury
and death chances of the twins in the mother womb. Decreased vessels of blood in the mother
womb slower down the normal growth of co-twin and also causes poor urinary and affect
amniotic fluid and oligohydramnios from baby. This problem is faced by the mother even during
labour period. The research also analysed that Chronic TTTS is the case which appears in the
pregnancy early means between 12 to 26 weeks gestation. This has causes serious condition as
babies in the womb are immature and still not delivered.
3

6. Research methodology
a) Research approach
Research approach selection is based on the requirement of the research project by which further
relevant information about subject will be collected. Current research requirement is based on
collecting quality of information and deep information about Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome
and its effect on pregnant ladies and their twin’s babies. As per the research requirement,
theoretical approach is selected for the research so that quality of information can be gathered
(Davidoff et.al, 2015). Theoretical approach focuses on deep study and research on subject by
using various sources such as- books, articles, journals and surveys of hospitals on this
syndrome.
b) Connection between your theoretical approach and collection of data
The key connection and link between theoretical approach and data collection is unambiguous
and clear. The process of theoretical approach is based on sources of data collection and that
supported the researcher to get the most reliable and accurate information related to selected
subject. Data collection method supported the researcher to complete the research and meet the
requirement of the selected approach (Lune and Berg, 2016). Collection of data in this research
is done through books, journals, articles and survey and that supported to attain theoretical
knowledge and information about research topic.
c) Timescale
Table 1: Research timescale
Activities and weeks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Introduction
Literature review
Research methodology
Data analysis and
interpretation
Conclusion and
recommendation
4

7. Data collection
From the above section of this proposal it has analysed that researcher need to conduct
theoretical research to collect the quality of information about the selected subject. Based on this,
data collection sources will also be related to qualitative research in which information and data
must be accessed through different researched books, authors, articles and surveys (Quinlan et.al,
2019). Valid and accurate information related to Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome along with
its impact on pregnant lady and their babies can be accessed and gathered from these sources.
Accuracy and reliability of the information will also be ensured in this research so that further
ethical issues can be avoided.
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