Running head: URBAN TOURISM IN HONGKONG URBAN TOURISM IN HONGKONG Name of the Student Name of the University Author note
1URBAN TOURISM IN HONGKONG Introduction Urban tourism Tourism is one of the growing industries in the world with various kinds of benefits attached with it. People travel across the world for various such as for trading, business, leisure, higher education and for various other works. However, it was seen that the urban areas of the country was not looked up as a tourism place. Recently, it has been noticed that due to increasing globalization and the declining status of the manufacturing sector, urban tourism is gaining much importance by the policy makers. Urban tourism is a type of tourist activities in which the destination city receives the main importance. In urban tourism, cities are considered as a main place for tourist attraction where people travel for various reasons. It has been a growing industry since 90s and a lot of research has been conducted on this ground. Hong Kong history Hong Kong is now as one of the most developing economy worldwide. Recently it has been serving as eh biggest center for international trade and has been experiencing a huge amount of refugees especially from China. This has made Hong Kong as a growing hub for service industry and a large gateway for largest market of the world. This changing structure of the city and fast expansion of trade industry is mainly due to law followed by the government of the country. Hong Kong has a free trade and independent toe economy for everyone. Thus, it can be seen that the city is continuously changing in its industry and culture (Discoverhongkong 2017).
2URBAN TOURISM IN HONGKONG Tourism industry in Hong Kong Tourism industry is noticed to be one of the fast expansion industries of Hong Kong. Such expansion is mainly due to the free trade opportunity that the city offers and the increasing immigration into the city. The economy has been experiencing a fast growth in tourists since it moved to a service sector economy in 1990s. Hong Kong Tourism Board has estimated the the total visitors of 36 million in 2010. This shows that there was an increase in the flow of tourist into the city by 21.8 percent compared to 2009. The city has also maintained a good quality of hotels and guest houses for the tourists. Hong Kong is also termed as a city of charm with a lot of cultural diversity and high standard lifestyle. The major tourist attraction sites of Hong Kong are The Peak, Giant Buddha, Ocean Park, Repulse Bay, Disneyland and many others. the city also offers natural beauty and a spectacular scenery (Tourism 2017). Current issue in Hong Kong tourists and shopping attraction Hong Kong has been recently experiencing a lot of problem in its tourist industry due to various reasons such as anti-mainland thoughts of the people, Hong Kong dollar and the migration of people from its mainland. The mainland visitors have been falling over the years by 4.6 percent. The shopping tourism is also experiencing a fall in the recent years especially from the mainland visitors. There was a time when Hong Kong gained maximum of their revenue from the shopping outlets. However, tourists are disappearing and the retail sector is on greater threat. Such a fall in the tourist in the shopping sector is due to a number of external factors and changing environment. In 2015, the city has experienced a shrink in its customer from tourist sector by one-third compared to previous years (South China Morning Post (2017).
3URBAN TOURISM IN HONGKONG Aim and objectives The aim of the paper is to analyze the condition of the tourism and shopping tourism in Hong Kong. The objective of the paper are: To analyze the urban tourism industry in Hong Kong It will further analyze the recent issues faced by the urban tourism sector of the city and the pattern of tourist demand for shopping in Hong Kong. The research will include both secondary and primary data analysis. Secondary data will be analyzed using the work of the past literature and the information available in the internet about urban tourism of Hong Kong. Research Question What is the condition of the tourism and shopping industry of Hong Kong: Hypothesis Null Hypothesis H1-growth in tourism and shopping industry in Hong Kong is slowing down over the years. Alternative hypothesis HA-tourism and shopping industry in Hong Kong is growing at a faster rate.
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