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IntroductionThe industry of tourism has a remarkable contribution in the development and growth of theeconomy as it is becoming very evident. Today, most of the countries that have goodopportunities in the industry are moving in the tourism field for gaining considerable revenue forgrowing and developing the economy. The main strength of the economy of Hong Kong is theindustry of tourism. This industry is an important contribution in the GDP of Hong Kong. Itssingle contribution is very large as in 2017 the share of this industry in GDP of the economy ofHong Kong was 16.7%. The industry of tourism contributes to the GDP as well as inemployment. Among the overall employment of 7.2%, 271,800 persons or more are employed inthis industry. Though there is declination in the popularity of industry and tourism has decreasedin Hong Kong in 2015. The popularity is growing again day by day and the number of tourists isincreasing. For attracting more visitors who come through the historic building, conserving heritage or othercultural events, development of different types of tourism product is needed. Offer on theproducts of tourism should be enhanced by the tourism commission of the city. The tradition,style, culture, lifestyle of Hong Kong is represented by the tourism industry. More centers forattracting tourists should be developed by the city. Green tourism finance on heritage andhistorical heritage of the city should also be developed and encouraged and more venues forperformances should be constructed. The following are the major and important developments inthe tourism industry: Green tourism, Hong Kong’s Lantua Island that includes Disney ThemePark, facilities of resort, water sport in Sai Kung, heritage, a new Aberdeen tourism node unitedwith growth of the Ocean Park , area for dining and cultural in Central. In order to boost the
industry of tourism in Hong Kong, a scheme of centralized and focused market should also bedevised by the tourism commission of the city. The standard of services provided determines thefavorable result of the industry. For enhancing the standard of services the, tourism commissionmust focus on its quality. Developing tourism and conserving heritage has an intense relationshipbetween them. Tourists visit the sights of cultural heritage where the place is conserved. Visitorswho come to the place are attracted to the heritage that reveals the values, traditions, and culturesof the places. Visitors won’t visit the place and they would be less attracted if the tourismcommission is unable to conserve the heritage place. The duties and responsibilities of thetourism sector of Hong Kong have been highlighted in this study. Association of stakeholdershas also been focused in this study. Effect of work of tourism sector like impacts on economy,social and culture and environment and challenges as well as advantages of utilizing thehistorical building has also been included.The Tourism CommissionFor maintaining the position of the city as leading city of destination for the tourists in Asia, thetourism commission has been established by the government of Special Administrative Regionof Hong Kong in 1999. The establishment of tourism commission was controlled by theCommerce and Economic Development Bureau of Hong Kong. The work of the commission issupporting the growth of the new events and attracting and improving the facilities of tourists formaking Hong Kong a premier spot for the visitors. Commissioner of tourism of Hong Kong isthe head of the tourism commission. The duties of the commissioner are to map out the strategyfor developing tourism and scheme proposed by the government.
Organizational StructureA wide cross-section of the industry of tourism is represented by the HKTB board that consistsof 20 members. Hong Kong SAR Government appoints the members of HKTB for three yearsterms and involves operators in hotels, carriers for passengers, licensed travel agents, operatorsfor tour, operators for restaurants, and retailers. The headquarter of HKTB is in Hong Kong thathas a universal channel of 7 representatives and 13 offices. The Vision of Tourism CommissionDeveloping and endorsing the city as Asia’s premier city globally and great destination for tradeand leisure tourists are the vision of the commission.The mission of Tourism CommissionThe main mission of the tourism commission is making the city a leading destination for visitorsby supporting the growth of new occasions and attracting and improving the facilities for touristsas well.Role and Function of Tourism CommissionThe tourism commission plays a major role in developing and promoting the sector of tourism ofthe city. Its key role is improving the facilities for the tourists for attracting more visitors.Growth of new occasions and attractions has also been supported it for making Hong Kong aleading destination for tourists. The tourism commission is in charge of the following mainworks.Establishing a connection with the Travel Industry Council of Hong KongFormulating the governmental policies of the industry of tourismCreating cooperation of tourism Taiwan and Macao and different countries
Building a connection with the authorities of mainland for developing and promoting theindustry of tourismManaging the functioning of project on new developments like Ocean ParkManaging hotel suppliesFormulating a scheme for projects of new tourismManaging and handling emergency occurrences that includes hotels tooControlling and monitoring the work of the tourism industryManaging and cooperating the growth and approval of green heritage and culturaltourismCoordinating and planning the facilities of region-wide tourismWorking on Secretary on agents of travel to the TICF Management board and advisoryCommittee as wellManaging the travel agents that has been registered in the organization of the TravelAgents ordinanceManaging the works of Park expansion and Disneyland Resort of Hong Kong as wellCooperating in implementing Young Ambassador Scheme of the city Tourism Project and Their StakeholdersStakeholder can be termed as a party who has interest towards the business is. Therefore, “acluster or a person who is exaggerated through the organization’s achievement or who has thepotential of affecting the success of the organizations’ objectives is a stakeholder.
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