Data Collection Methods - PDF

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RESEARCH PROJECT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
RESEARCH PROPOSAL...............................................................................................................1
Background of study...............................................................................................................1
Research questions.................................................................................................................2
Significance and rationale of study........................................................................................2
Literature review....................................................................................................................4
Research strategy and design................................................................................................10
Data Collection methods......................................................................................................11
Technique to analysis data....................................................................................................13
Operational plan and resource requirement for research.....................................................14
Ethical principles of research...............................................................................................16
Limitation of study...............................................................................................................17
Main section of research report............................................................................................18
Background of study.............................................................................................................19
Research questions...............................................................................................................20
Significance and rationale of study......................................................................................20
Literature review..................................................................................................................22
Research strategy and design................................................................................................28
Data Collection methods......................................................................................................29
Technique to analysis data....................................................................................................31
Operational plan and resource requirement for research.....................................................32
Ethical principles of research...............................................................................................34
Limitation of study...............................................................................................................35
Main section of research report............................................................................................36
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................38
RESEARCH PROPOSAL
Background of study
Caring to family is one of the most amazing feelings. Carers are essential part of
household; they always pay attention to their relatives and protect them from external factors.
Parents take care of their kids and provide support to their ageing family members. There are
many issues faced by the carers who care for their relatives. Working couple has to look upon
their professional and personal life both. In the recent era, people have to spend lengthy hours in
organizations due to which they get failed to give sufficient time to their kids (Blair and Raver,
2016). It becomes difficult for the working people to make balance between personalized and
official life. Statistical records show that there are approx. 75000 people in the UK who are
suffering from dementia. These people are being cared by family members at initial phase.
Careers save approx. 6 billion amount every year by giving care to their family members. In
order to fulfil needs of their family members, they have to work for lengthy hours at workplace
so that they can get monetary benefits and provide good treatment to their relatives who are
suffering from any illness (Bogenschneider, 2014).
Carers play a significant role in extremely stressful situations. They provide emotional
and mental support to their near ones so that they will feel happy and live their life easily. Elder
people resist taking treatment. It is an issue for the carers because they have to make them
understand with importance of this process and the way this treatment can improve their health
condition. Handling kids and ageing parents is a crucial task. Ageing prefer to live at home rather
than hospitals. They have fear of losing independence due to which they resist from taking care.
In such condition, carers of family have to show their concern to them so that they will take
proper treatment for their illness. Another major issue faced by working parents is imbalance
between personal and professional life (DePape and Lindsay, 2015). Kids always expect that
their family members will spend time and play with them. But due to hectic schedule, working
couples get failed to give quality time to their children. It creates negativity in the minds of kids.
This is a problematic situation because it enhances their stress level and make them feel
dishearten. Communication is considered as the main problem that is faced by carers who care
for relative one. It is difficult for young people to make effective coordination with their ageing
parents and kids. Children do not discuss about their social life with their parents and this
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communication gap put a direct impact on cognitive and social skills of individuals (Blair and
Raver, 2016).
Present study will give description about the issues faced by carers who care for their
relatives. It will explain the significance of study and rationale of conducting this research.
Furthermore, it will review literatures of other authors on same topic in order to develop
understanding about the subject matter. Study will discuss research methods that can be used for
completing this research.
Research questions
In order to complete this research in an effective manner, researcher has first identified
topic and developed brief understanding about subject. Individual has framed aim and objectives
so that further activities can be planned accordingly (Ho, 2014). Research methods have been
selected that can support in conducting this study in an effective manner. Scholar has gathered
data from primary and secondary sources. These details have supported in developing in-depth
understanding about the subject matter. Once data has been gathered then individual has
analysed these details in order to find out accurate results. This process has been followed by
researcher in order to accomplish the goal of research project and find out issues faced by carers
who care for their relatives.
The main purpose of this research is to identify issues faced by carers who care for their
relatives. Research questions for this study are described as below:
What roles are played by carers in families?
What are the major issues faced by carers in their caring role?
How difficulties of carers can be minimized?
Significance and rationale of study
Significance of study
Issues faced by carers who care for relatives is a vast topic. There are many ageing
people who are suffering from many diseases. Family members take care of these ageing people
and provide them love and support. This supports in improving their well-being and making
them feel happy. This study will be beneficial in providing snapshot of carers and the way their
care help in improving life of aged people (Janghorban, Roudsari and Taghipour, 2014).
Furthermore, it will be beneficial in explaining the role of carers in families and issues that are
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faced by them. It will be beneficial for young people who are taking care of their parents and
kids. This will help them in identifying issues that are faced by them and the way they can
resolve these challenges by implementing effective strategies. There are many people who want
to provide care to their children but due to their professional life, they fail to give proper
attention on their kids. In such condition, these people feel dishearten. This study will be
important for these persons and will help them in making balance in between personal and
official life. This research will provide details through which carers will be able to give personal
care to their family members within and outside environment (Bevan, 2014). Thus, carers are the
first stakeholders of this research and they will be benefited with this investigation.
Another stakeholder of this research is health and social care department. This study will
be beneficial for them in planning for organizing programs through which they can guide carers
aware with the best process of providing care to their kids and family members (Our Forgotten
Families: Issues and challenges faced by parents with a disability in Victoria,2010). Health and
social care department will be able to take initiatives for improving life of these people so that
carer’s issues can be resolved. It will help them in making effective legislation through which
their issues can be minimized and family members can take care of each other without any
problem. Furthermore, people who needed care from carers are another stakeholder (Bjorner and
et.al, 2014). This investigation will be beneficial for them because by this way, they will be able
to know about issues faced by their care givers and things they need to consider for minimizing
problems of their carers. This will support health and social care department in implementing
basic principles so that individuals can take care of their relatives appropriately. This study will
be helpful for government of the nation. This will support in taking initiatives to reduce the
burden of family carers and minimising economic cost so that these people can perform their
responsibilities in an effective manner. This would be easy for the carers to fulfil the needs of
their relatives and they will be able to give more time to their families (Sahu, 2013).
Rationale of research
The main reason of conducting this research is that hectic official schedule carers are
unable to provide quality care to their family members. In such condition, if these people suffer
from any illness then they will get admitted in the hospitals. Lengthy working hours create
difficulty for working couples to manage their personal and professional life properly (Obstacles
and Opportunities: Today’s children, Tomorrow’s family,2017). The main reason of conducting
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this study is to understand various issues faced by carers and finding out solution for these
problems so that ageing people will get proper care at home and children will become able to
spend quality time with their family members (Sessler and Imrey, 2015).
Researcher has worked in health and social care sector for longer duration as social
workers. Individual has knowledge about issues faced by family members who take care of their
relatives. Thus, researcher has selected this topic because individuals can answer these questions
appropriately. This knowledge and experience will help the scholar in understanding terms and
answering these questions properly (Billingham, Whitehead and Julious, 2013). This is a fast
subject and huge data is available on this topic. Availability of adequate data is another reason of
selecting this topic for further research. This topic has been provided by university and it is a
semi structured topic. Thus, scholar has chosen this subject for conducting the research. All these
factors have supported investigator in conducting investigation on this topic and finding accurate
answers of research questions (Bøe, Hognestad and Waniganayake, 2017).
Literature review
INTRODUCTION
The main agenda of literature review is to explore ideas that can enhance understanding
of scholar for subject matter. Researcher will not copy any material from any journals. Its focus
will be on issues faced by carers who care for relatives. Investigator will take support of 12
articlesandwilldescribefindingsandrelevancyofthesejournalswithresearchtopic
(Communication Issues Faced by Parents Who Have a Child Diagnosed with Cancer,2017).
LITERATURE REVIEW
Article 1: Family Caregiving
This article has been written by Zarit, and Zarit, (2015) that describe issues faced by
working couples while caring to their kids. This article explains consequences faced by carers
such as stress due to which it becomes difficult for them to provide quality care to their kids.
StevenH.ZaritisaprofessorandHODofhumandevelopmentandfamilystudiesat
Pennsylvania State University. Judy M. Zarit is doing practice in State college; he is specialized
in neuropsychological area. This article describes the details of health problems that are faced by
care givers in family. It has been found that these carers face stress due to which their health gets
affected (Zarit and Zarit, 2015). Supportive behavioural treatment can be better to manage these
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challenges effectively. Study has focused on the health issues that are faced by caregivers; it is
highly related to subject matter. But if researcher has included statistical calculations then it
might improve the findings. Use of descriptive methodology is limitation of this research article.
As it is completely related to topic thus, it has contributed to this study.
Article 2: Parents’ experiences of caring for a child with autism spectrum disorder
This article has been written by Anne-Marie Depape and Sally Lindsay (2014). Anne-
Marie is the field placement coordinator for brain disorder management. She has completed her
Ph.D. in development psychology. Sally Lindsay is a TV actress and writer who became popular
for Opera Coronation Street. This article describes that Autism Spectrum disorder among
children impact on family life. Parents have to face issues in dealing with their kids. The article
has found development of programs for families in which doctors give information to parents
(DePape and Lindsay, 2015). The study has included 31 articles related to topic that is strong
point because all these researches have supported in finding real problems in dealing with such
kids. Sample size in this article was too large that is the limitation of this study. It is qualitative
in nature, use of quantitative methods can help in identifying the accuracy of data.
Article 3: Parents’ nonstandard work schedules and child well-being: A critical review of
the literature
The article has been prepared by Jianghong Li, Sarah Johnson and et.al., (2013).
Jianghong Li has completed her graduation in arts and has completed Ph.D. in Sociology. Sarah
Johnson performs well in guardian healthcare network. The paper discusses about parental non-
standard working schedule that creates difficulty for them in providing care to children and
giving them proper time. Sometimes, due to nonstandard working schedule, they fail to pay
attention on cognitive development and externalizing problems of kids. Due to hectic official
timing,theyfailtogiveproperattentiononkids(Liandet.al,2014).Lesssupportive
environment creates issues among kids and they become unsocial. This research reviews work of
other authors that has supported in developing understanding about the topic. This is the strength
of this article. But researcher has used articles from 1980 to 2012 which is a limitation of this
paper as these are old studies and scholar could use articles after 2014 on the topic. This research
paper has discussed the strengths and limitations of existing investigations and have given
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recommendations through which parents can take care of their kids and thus, it has contributed to
this study.
Article 4: Parents' employment and children's wellbeing
The research paper has been written by Corolyn Heinrich, (2014). He is the professor of
public affairs and director of centre for health and social policy. He has completed his Ph.D. in
relevant field. Article is about employment of parents and its impact on well-being of kids. When
parents work, then they fail to give proper time to their children. Lengthy working hours and
stress of official life create difficulty for care givers in giving proper time to their kids. If mother
father stay at home then they can look at growth of their kids and can improve their cognitive
and social skills. Job stress, inflexible hours, little autonomy, etc. In such condition, carers fail to
give sufficient time to their kids which create difficulty in living their personal life easily or
happily (Heinrich, 2014).
From research paper, it has been found that employment and inflexible hours are the
major issue for carers because they do not pay attention on their kids due to which children’s
well-being get affected badly. Parents should get mandatory leaves so that they can give
sufficient time to their kids. The article has emphasised on particular aspects and involved basic
issues that are faced by the working parents. But researcher has not explained other issues other
than employment. Research is qualitative in nature; there is no involvement of statistical
calculation.
Article 5:Communication Issues Faced by Parents Who Have a Child Diagnosed With
Cancer
The article has been written by Juanne Clarke (2017) who has completed Ph.D. in
sociologyand MA insociologyfromrecognizedUniversity.The articledescribesabout
communication issues faced by parents whose kids are suffering with cancer. Due to this illness,
their kids failed to discuss their feelings with parents. They have no knowledge about their kid’s
illness.Effective communication is the best way to minimize issues of carers faced by them
while providing care to family members and relatives. If parents and elder people of family make
coordination with each other then it will help in minimizing negative effects and creating
positive atmosphere for the kids (Juanne, 2017). This can develop bonding and individuals will
be able to share their feelings easily. This is the way that can aid in minimizing problems for the
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