Leadership Styles and Motivation in Toyota Motor : Report

Added on - 14 Jan 2020

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Organisation Behaviour
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................11.1 Comparing the organisational culture and structure adopted by Toyota Motor Corporationwith Ford Motor Company..........................................................................................................11.2 The impact of organisation's culture and structure on the performance of Toyota MotorCorporation..................................................................................................................................31.3 Factors influencing the individual behaviour at Toyota Motor Corporation.........................4TASK 2............................................................................................................................................42.1 The comparison of different leadership styles in Toyota Motor Corporation and FordMotor Company...........................................................................................................................42.2 The impact of organisational theory on the practice of management at Toyota MotorCorporation..................................................................................................................................52.3 Different management approaches used by Toyota Motor Corporation and Ford MotorCompany......................................................................................................................................5TASK 3............................................................................................................................................63.1 The impact of leadership styles on motivation in Toyota Motor Corporation......................63.2 Comparing the applications of different motivational theories within Toyota MotorCorporation..................................................................................................................................63.3 The usefulness of Maslow's hierarchy need theory in relation to Toyota Motor Corporation.....................................................................................................................................................8TASK 4............................................................................................................................................94.1 The nature of groups and group behaviour within Toyota Motor Corporation.....................94.2 Factors that promote or inhibits the development of effective team work at Toyota MotorCorporation..................................................................................................................................94.3 The impact of technology on team functioning within Toyota Motor Corporation............10CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................10REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................11
INTRODUCTIONIn the 21stera of hyper competition and globalisation, it has become a mandatoryphenomenon that each and every organisation should maintain proper standards, culture andstructure in order to achieve the heights of success. Organisational behaviour (OB) assists thecompany towards the direction of sustaining long in the corporate global market. It helps to gainan in-depth understanding about the activities and nature of employees within the workplace.Moreover, OB plays a crucial role in motivating the staff and maintaining strong interrelationswithin the company (Cloud, 2010).The present report highlights the comparison of different organisational structure andculture adopted by Toyota Motor Corporation and Ford Motor Company in the corporate world.These are the leading auto mobile manufacturer companies in the field of assembling,manufacturing, designing and selling of passenger cars across the world. The report focuses ongaining an insight knowledge about various management and leadership approaches followed bythe above mentioned companies. Apart from this, the present case file also lays a significantconcern over developing measures for establishing an effective teamwork within theorganisation.TASK 11.1 Comparing the organisational culture and structure adopted by Toyota Motor Corporationwith Ford Motor CompanyThe organisational structure adopted by Toyota Motor Corporation is based on differentbusiness units of the company around the globe. It implements such a structure which helps thecorporation to accomplish its organisational goal by executing a strategic direction towardsachieving success in the long run. Currently, the said organisation undertakes a divisionalorganisational structure. According to such a structure, the company lays its major concern overwork distribution and work specification to each of its departments which broadly includemarketing, sales, engineering, production and finance departments. It helps the company ingaining product specialisation along with a systematic decision making process within theworkplace. Apart from this, such an organisational culture helps Toyota Motor Corporation tomake a strong, common and exotic culture which contributes to boost the morale of theemployees along with enhancing the knowledge of particular portfolio field (Gronn, 2009). The1
company's new organisational culture is efficient enough in order to overcome the majorchallenges of traditional culture of the organisation. The main features of divisionalorganisational culture includes the following-Global hierarchyProduct & service based divisionsPerfectly managed organisational systemBesides such a fascinating and flawless organisational structure, Toyota MotorCorporation implements an exotic and impressive work culture within the organisation. It makesan extensive use of its organisational culture to enhance and maximise the efficiency andeffectiveness of its human resource abilities which results in innovation and creativity in thework place. It also helps the concerned company to gain an effective problem solving supportalong with strong decision making authority (Riding and Rayner, 2013). The following are thecharacteristics disclosed by the current work culture of Toyota Motor Corporation-Effective teamworkRegular enhancement through impressive learningHigh quality workBy analysing the organisational culture and structure of Toyota Motor Corporation, thereport now focuses on examining the work structure and culture of Ford Motor Company. Thesaid company undertakes corporate hierarchy structure to attain global exposure. The overallcompany's structure in such a case is directly related to the global conditions of automotiveindustry. The structure of such a company focuses on controlling and meeting the extreme needsand demands of the existing market conditions (Suppiah and Sandhu, 2011). Listed below are themain characteristics of the company's organisational structure-Corporate divisionsRegional and local geographic hierarchyGlobal operational and functional teamApart from such an impressive organisational structure, Ford possesses a vibrant culturein its workplace. Its organisational culture is reflected in the corporation's One Ford plan, whichwas executed and implemented under the leadership of Mulally's, the former CEO of company in2008. According to this plan, the company lays its significant concern over unifying its global2
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