Organizational Behavior Assignment - David & Co Limited

Added on - Nov 2020

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OrganizationalBehavior
ContentsINTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................3P1. Organisation’s culture, politics and power influence.................................................................3P2. Content and Process theory of Motivation:..................................................................................4P3. Explain effective team as opposed to an ineffective team:...........................................................7P4. Concept and Philosophies of Organizational Behavior................................................................8CONCLUSION.....................................................................................................................................9REFERENCES....................................................................................................................................10
INTRODUCTIONOrganizational behavior is the study of the way people interact within the groups. It is appliedin an attempt to create more efficient business organization. It helps in maximization of theoutput from individual group members. This report discuss about David & Co Limited who isdealing in food and beverages business in United Kingdom. Aim of this report to analyze theorganisational behavior and culture of David & Co Limited. There are various topics whichare covered like- Content and process theories of motivation and motivational techniques,influence of culture, politics and power in an organization, effective team and ineffectiveteam, concepts and philosophies of organisational behaviour.P1. Organisation’s culture, politics and power influenceOrganisation behaviour is a subset of management activities concerned withunderstanding, predicting and influencing individual behavior in the organization. It is studyand application of knowledge about how people act within the company (OrganizationalBehavior. 2018). HR manager ofDavid & Co Limited wants to improve its organizationalbehaviour and culture in the company. Culture, politics and power can affect the organizationbehavior by following ways-Organizational culture:Organizational culture is described as the underlying beliefs, assumptions, values andways of interacting that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of acompany. Hendy’s organization culture, defined four different kinds of culture: power, role,task and person.Power culture:Power remains in the hands of only few people and only they are authorized to takedecisions. InDavid & Co limited all power to take management decisions are vested in thetop level management. In this type of culture subordinates have no option but to strictlyfollow their superior instruction.Task culture:In task culture teams are formed to achieve the targets or solve complicatedproblems. In such organization individuals with common interest and specialization cometogether to form a team. In such culture every individual team member has to contributeequally to accomplish the task. David & Co Limited use to follow this culture to accomplishthe task in the company. Team is committed to achieve the task which is give by theorganization.Person culture:Person culture is used in that organization where the employees feel that they aremore important than its company. They give priority themselves rather than organization.David & Co Limited do not follow this culture because all employees of company give firstpriority to its organization rather than themselves. This culture can hamper the performanceof company.
Role culture:Role culture is followed where every employee is delegated roles and responsibilitiesaccording to his specialization. David & Co Limited follow this culture because roles andresponsibilities of every employee are decided by the company according to the skills ofpersons. So it helps in improving the performance of individual as well as company.Politics:Politics plays a vital role in the success of the organization. It can affect the companyboth negatively and positively. Politics can be considered as the process of bargaining andnegotiation which is used to overcome conflicts and difference of opinion. Normally politicsis involved in strategic decision making process. For example, If HR manager of David & CoLimited take decision that those employees who work overtime in the organization then theywill get extra incentives excluding regular incentives. When employees did overtime workthen they makes payment for that. If HR does not make payment for extra work then moral ofworkers goes down but HR of David & Co Limited does not do politics with its employees.HR knows that without the efforts of workers organization cannot achieve sustainablesuccess. Politics can hamper the performance of workers. If it is in favor of employees thenindividual performance can increase because their willingness towards its work will increaseand through it organization performance will also boost.Power influence:Power is defined as the ability or capability to do something or act in particular way.It is the ability to influence the people with its decisions making process. Generally power isvested in the top level management and they have to take various decisions related to thegrowth of company. Generally power comes from designation of a person. For example, ifthere is a target that company has to produce 1000 units in a month but when employees startdoing production then they saw that they do not have sufficient stock of raw material toproduce the 1000 units. In that case if employees have power to place order for purchasingthe raw material then they feel that they can take decision and they are also important for thecompany. If they do not have power then they firstly inform to the team leader and teamleader will inform to the head of department and department head will inform to the purchaseteam. It is very long process and time consuming process. If this type of decision makingpower is vested in the employees then it motivates and encourages the persons that they cantake effective decisions. It helps in improving the performance of individuals as wellcompany. Power influence can affect the behavior and performance of people because of thetype of the decision (Bissell, G. and Dolan, P., 2012). If decisions are better and effectivethen it increases the performance of individual.P2. Content and Process theory of Motivation:Motivation is the reason for people’s actions, willingness and goals. It is derived fromword ‘Motive’ which is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. It is the characteristicwhich helps to achieve the goal. Motivation is Drive that pushes one to work hard forachieving the goal. This gives the strength to get up and keep going even things are not goingright.There are three common aspect of motivation, if employees of David and Co. Ltd follow thisaspect than company can achieve their goal. These are as follows:
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