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Operant and Classical Conditioning - Psychology Assignment

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Added on  2019-09-25

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This psychology assignment discusses operant and classical conditioning, types of responses, reinforcement, punishment, and schedules of reinforcement.
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Running Head: psychologyPSYCHOLOGYASSIGNMENTOperant and classical conditioning
Operant and Classical Conditioning - Psychology Assignment_1
Psychology 16.1 Psychology Assignment Operant conditioning was discovered by BF Skinner which is based on Thorndike's (1905) law of effect. He introduced a new term by the name of Reinforcement (Law of Effect). Behavior is called strengthened when it is reinforced; behavior called weakened when it is not reinforced. B.F. Skinner brainstorms the operant conditioning term which means changing of behavior with the use of reinforcement given after the coveted result. McLeod, S. A. (2007). He has developed three types of responses as follows:1.Reinforcers: Responses that increases the probability of behavior of being repeated. There can be positive or negative reinforcers.2.Neutral Operants: Responses that never increase or decrease from the probability of behavior.3.Punishers: Responses that decreases the behavior of being repeated. Basically, it weakensthe behavior."If a tone sounds, food is likely to follow."- By Pavlov'sOperant behavior is a process of rewarding and punishing the behavior as per requirement. For the healthy eating and doing exercise and to achieve his goal to increase the chance of making the football team, my roommate should have reward himself for doing good practices which are in favor of losing weight. In spite of setting new rules, I suggested him to make a set goals beforeheading. For example, let's say he should set a goal of losing three pounds weight in a week in prescribed manner that is by following particular diet chart and doing a workout when he set a goal for a week then he can take a day off and can lay on the couch without doing anything. This process is known as positive reinforcement; basically there are two types of reinforcement
Operant and Classical Conditioning - Psychology Assignment_2

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