Team Building Theories

Added on - 16 Sep 2019

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TEAM BUILDINGTHEORIES
Table of ContentsIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................2What is Team Building?..............................................................................................................................2TYPES OF TEAM BUILDING THEORIES..............................................................................................2Belbin’s team role theory............................................................................................................................3Tuckman’s theory of group development....................................................................................................5Stages of Group Development.................................................................................................................5Analysis of team issues by applying both the theories.................................................................................6Ways to overcome issues by applying both the theories..............................................................................6Conclusion...................................................................................................................................................7References...................................................................................................................................................81
IntroductionWorking with a team and leading teams is one of the key elements of success. But it is not aninherent skill possessed by all. Thus, many researchers have developed various team theory inorder to illustrate and develop the skills needed to ensure success while working in a team. Tobecome effective in teams, one requires having an understanding of a mixture of theories,reflection, and experience.TYPES OF TEAM BUILDING THEORIESThere are a number of theories given by various researchers relating to team building. Some ofthem are as follows:Beldin’s team role theory,Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of Needs theory;John Adair Leadership theory;Isabel Briggs-Myers’s MBTI theory;Douglas McGregor X and Y theory;Tajfel, Social Identity theory,Tuckman’s theory of group development; andJung’ color works theoryOur team which consisted of five individuals who were all different gave a group presentation.We had mainly applied two major theories of group building namely;Tuckman’s theory ofgroup developmentandBeldin’s team role theoryto analyze the strengths and weaknesses ofour team (Raes, 2015).2
Belbin’s team role theoryBelbin, in his theory, has explained various roles to be played by each individual while workingin a team. These can be categorized as:Action oriented roles are played by following:Shaper’s role is to challenge the team in order to improve. Implementer’s role is to put the ideasinto action. Completer’s role is to finish the task with timely completion.People Oriented Roles are played by following:The coordinator is acting as a chairperson. Team Worker who encourages cooperation. ResourceInvestigator who explores outside opportunities.Thought Oriented Roles are played by following:A plant, whose role is to present new ideas and approaches. Monitor-Evaluator who analyzes theoptions. A specialist who provides specialized skills (Seck, 2014).Besides the role to be played by each individual in a team, Belbin’s theory also gave variousstrengths and weaknesses pertaining to those different roles which we could relate to ourselveswhile we were playing those roles in the real situation. These strengths and weaknesses are givenROLESTRENGTHSWEAKNESSESPlant(played by S)creative solves difficultproblems, imaginative,unorthodoxignores incidentals and toomuch preoccupied tocommunicate effectivelyResource-investigatorextrovert, communicative,enthusiastic, developscontracts, exploresopportunitiesoveroptimistic loses interestonce initial enthusiasm haspassed3
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