Developments and Challenges in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry

Published 2022-11-01

Travel And Lifestyle

Developments and Challenges in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry

Over a prolonged and long-term period, the tourism and hospitality industries have grown significantly in significance in India's shifting market environment. Additionally, the positive growth has been aided by rising disposable income levels and domestic tourism. The aviation sector is anticipated to expand over the coming years, which would undoubtedly have a direct impact on India's tourist and hospitality sectors. Social travel websites have also grown significantly over the past few years as a result of how convenient and simple it is to use them. The middle-income groups have also liked cheap hotels and are particularly drawn to deals and discounts.

Together, their potential means that the tourism and hospitality sectors, particularly in the market for Indian tourism, should anticipate growth in the years to come. However, there are some variables that have a negative impact and slow down how quickly the tourism and hospitality sectors could develop and expand. In order to obtain appropriate qualitative data, the research methodology employed for the study incorporates an inductive design using a case study or journal analysis.

Abstract

The "tourism" component of the industry includes particular transit modalities, two travel agents, and tour operators. Most organizations include hotels, caterers, and restaurants as "tourism-characteristic industries," which means they are all included in tourism.

Travelers who cross international borders and stay one or more nights in the host country are engaged in international tourism, which also includes business and professional travel, visiting friends and family, religious travel, and medical treatments. The data and information about lodging i.e. hotels, boarding houses, motels, tourist camps, holiday centers, resorts, and youth/backpacker hostels and broader hospitality (restaurants, bars, cafeterias, snack bars, pubs, nightclubs, and other similar establishments) are included in the hotel and restaurant subsectors analyzed in this paper.

Development in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry 

  1. World Economy

The globalization of the economy has caused the Indian economy to become more intertwined. Moreover, business models are created in a way that would unquestionably meet the requirements of the world authorities in each of their different domains. The tourism and hospitality industries now face formidable obstacles as a result of exposure to international competition. In order to acquire a strategic competitive advantage, Indian firms are also re-engineering and restructuring their business models. This also results in cost-cutting measures, though, which significantly negatively influence the viability of Indian businesses. Most businesses also prioritize Corporate Social Responsibility, which is a morally pressing issue in India.

On the other hand, it is said that one of the main issues related to a crash in the global economy influencing the viability and budget of the tourist and hospitality business in India is decreasing returns and reduced demand.

  1. Economic Expansion

The Indian economy has shown to be one of the fastest-growing in the world and has maintained its sustainability during the global economic slump. Additionally, there is little doubt that the tourism and hospitality sectors' contribution to economic expansion is modest, which unquestionably has an impact on the Indian tourism business. The domestic tourist and hospitality businesses may find it difficult to compete with such high-caliber developments, international corporations have a large amount of interest and investment in setting up facilities in India. This is why it is crucial to winning over all interested parties to grow initiatives in the sector.

  1. Revenue from growth in tourism and the hotel industry

The tourism sector heavily influences the hotel sector's expansion. It has been frequently emphasized that India's main growth engine is tourism. India's tourism and hospitality sector would increase by 8.2% by 2020, making it the second largest employer in the world. The most significant factors influencing hospitality and tourism in India are infrastructure management, government policy, issues with the workforce and education in these fields, growth strategies, crisis management, destination management, and the use of online marketing techniques.

  1. Increase in Domestic Travel and Hospitality Industry

The expansion of the tourism and hospitality industries is mostly driven by an increase in foreign travel as well as FTAs, or free trade agreements, between India and other nations. The tourism and hospitality industries have benefited from the availability of simple financing options as well as from people's interest in domestic travel that is not related to business travel. On the other hand, while the declining value of the Indian rupee has undoubtedly increased the number of foreign visitors visiting the country, it has also had an impact on domestic travelers' intents because domestic travelers are well aware of their tight financial constraints. Consequently, such a problem could pose a problem for the travel and tourism sector as well.

Managers of tourism firms, and indeed all organizations, need to use stakeholder management to improve their frequently restricted grasp of the strategic possibilities they could generate. Since they will have access to information that might not otherwise be available, organizations that employ substantive arguments with stakeholders are likely to make better judgments

  1. Indian business's growth as a global hub and world events

The rise in the number of international events held in India has drawn significant interest from the world market to the Indian tourism and hospitality sector. Moreover, conferences, music shows, and sporting events have all had a significant positive impact on drawing tourists from abroad. The local economy and business growth and income have undoubtedly benefited from these fun events and happenings. This has led to a substantial increase in the number of tourists visiting India.

  1. Changing Consumer Dynamics

The millennial generation in particular has changed due to their high standard of living, and this has provided the tourism and hospitality sector with tremendous development. The periodic leisure travel patterns of people's spending patterns have changed, and this has greatly aided the expansion of India's tourism and hospitality sectors. However, research has shown that millennials' enjoyment is outpacing their ability to save, which has contributed to the expansion of the tourist and hospitality sectors.

  1. Employment

The labor-intensive nature of tourism makes it a big employer. It ranks among the top employers in the world for occupations requiring a range of skill sets and enables migrant workers, women, and young people to enter the workforce quickly. 30% of the services exported around the world come from there. Regarding the sector's supply chain, one job in the core HCT industry indirectly creates about 1.5 more jobs in the associated economy. More than 235 million employment, or about 8% of all occupations (direct and indirect), will be supported by the sector's worldwide economy in 2010, which equates to one in every 12.3 jobs.

Top 3 Challenges in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry 

Further, in this blog, we will discuss an overview of the general impacts of the global recession, including their implications on employment, recovery, salaries, and working hours, as well as the numerous stimulus programs put in place to counteract these effects.

  1. Effects of Global Recession

The sector is somewhat impacted by the state of both developed and developing nations' economies today. After several years of expansion, a decrease in foreign tourism started in the second half of 2008 and grew in 2009. There was a major reduction in HCT economic activity worldwide as a result of a steep fall in visitor flows, length of stay, tourist expenditure, and more significant limits on business travel expenses. These impacts came about as a result of rising unemployment, volatile markets, economic and social unrest, and a notable drop in the size of the typical household.

  1. Employment Impact and Recovery

With the advent of the Tourism industry, we have experienced various factors that have some major significant impacts like the global recession, including their implications on employment, recovery, salaries, and working hours, as well as the numerous stimulus programs put in place to counteract these effects.

  1. Crisis impact on Wages and Working Hours

In many nations, the global economic crisis has affected employment. The working circumstances for employees are futile like low pay, job uncertainty, and susceptibility. This can be found in developing nations where the majority of vocations are classified as informal employment, which is exempt from regulation and enforcement and labor organization is difficult, if not impossible.

Fortunately, the tourism industry is in a position to benefit from the current crisis as a chance to put preventative measures in place to lessen the absence of social dialogue and industry skill development, ultimately aiming to lessen the effects of the situation and figure out how to cut potential layoffs.

To Conclude 

The study's conclusions showed that the problems with supply, safety, and security, operating cost creep, human resources, financial viability, branding, and financial issues significantly impact the expansion and growth of India's tourism and hospitality sector. On the other hand, developing good laws and guidelines and managing talent effectively are solutions to these problems that would both help to lessen the negative effects.

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